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Those Hearsay Hadiths

Something that I think has been fueling the fire for Pseudo-Islamic extremism is all of those collections of hadiths — short stories containing alleged sayings and deeds of Muhammad. There are different branches of Islam. The three main branches are the Sunnis, the Shiites, and the Ibadis. Each of these branches of the religion has a different collection of hadiths.

The Sunnis have six different collections of hadiths. These collections are named after the compilers.

Bukhari (July 19, 810 – Sept. 1, 870)

Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (815 – May, 875)

Dawood (817-889)

At-Tirmidhi (824-892)

An-Nasai (829-915)

Ibn Majah (824-889)

One of the four Sunni schools of thought in Islam, the Malikis, reject the collection compiled by Ibn Majah and accept instead of that the collection compiled by Malik ibn Anas (711-795).

According to Sunni tradition, Muhammad died on June 8, 632. The Shiites, on the other hand, say that he died on May 25, 632. Most of the Muslims in the world are Sunnis. All of the Sunni collections of hadiths, except those compiled by Malik ibn Anas, were written down at least two hundred years after Muhammad died. Malik ibn Anas wrote his collection down at least a hundred years after the Islamic prophet died. The Ahmadiyya sect of Islam use primarily the Sunni collections of hadiths. They are not Sunni Muslims though. They have their own version of the religion.

The Shiites have four collections  of hadiths. The compilers of these hadiths are:

Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al- Kulayni al-Razi (864-941)

Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Babuya al-Qummi (923-991)

Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Hassan Tusi (996-1067 — He compiled two separate collections.)

These collections were compiled 250 to 400 years after the death of Muhammad.

The Ibadi Muslims have two collections of hadiths. The compilers are:

Al-Rabi bin Habib al-Farahidi (He lived in the 700s. Therefore, he compiled them about a hundred years after the death of Muhammad.)

Yusuf Ibrahim al-Warjilani (He died in 1175. He compiled them about five hundred years after the death of Muhammad.)

Those compiled by Malik ibn Anas and Al-Rabi bin Habib al-Farahidi are the closest to the death of Muhammad, but still they were written down after a hundred years had lapsed.

Many of the hadiths contradict the teachings of the Koran and the Bible which the Koran is supposed to confirm. (Koran 3:3,4; 5:48; 10:37) Here are some videos about these hearsay hadiths.

As you can see, there are Muslims who reject some or even all of those hadiths. Those who reject all of them are called Koranists. The hadiths are graded as sahih (authentic), hassan (good), and daif (weak). The daif hadiths are ignored by the vast majority of Muslims. The sahih hadiths are the most important ones to most Muslims. However, there are Muslims who reject some of those sahih hadiths because they contradict the teachings of the Koran. The Koran is supposed to be the primary source for religious and ethical instruction. The hadiths, which collectively are called the Sunna, are supposed to be a secondary and inferior source for religious and ethical instruction. Many of the Pseudo-Islamic extremists are exalting those hearsay hadiths over the Koran. The Koran is relatively benign compared to many of the barbarisms found in the hadiths.

I think that Muslims need to read the Koran along with the Bible and also read the writings of the Church Fathers and those of the Ecumenical Church Councils. They need to read more about Church history in order to understand the Koran better. Many of the Islamic scholars do not understand Orthodox Christian theology, although they say they do. They do not understand Church history either. They see something in the Koran which appears to contradict something in the Bible and they immediately want to say that the contradiction is due to corruption of the Biblical texts. They do not try to reconcile the “contradiction.” They rely more on hearsay hadiths than on Sacred Scripture when they try to interpret the Koran. It is no wonder that the Islamic world is in such a mess.

And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning). (Koran 17:36, Yusuf Ali)

And they have no knowledge thereof. They follow but a guess, and lo! a guess can never take the place of the truth. (Koran 53:28, Pickthall)

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