Archive

Posts Tagged ‘Jesus’

Corruption in the Earth

November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Shall We treat those who believe and do good works as those who spread corruption in the earth; or shall We treat the pious as the wicked? (Koran 38:28, Pickthall)

In the Koran, there is an expression that occurs frequently: “corruption in the earth.” In this blog post, I intend to go through the Koran and explore the meaning of this expression. There are many different acts that can be classified as corruption in the earth.

First of all, let us look at Koran 5:32. In it, we can see that there are certain acts mentioned in the Torah which are classified as “corruption in the earth.”

For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth. (Koran 5:32, Pickthall)

This verse says that God decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter (i.e., murder) or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind. Murder was punishable by death in the Torah. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that all other sins and crimes that are punishable by death in the Torah are “corruption in the earth.” Many of these sins are also mentioned in the New Testament and in the Koran. The death penalty for all of these sins and crimes has been abrogated in the New Testament and in the Koran. The Koran confirms the Old and New Testaments. (Koran 5:48)

I have already listed these sins in a previous blog post, “The Death Penalty in the Torah and Koran 5:32.” Here, I will mention them again along with verses from the New Testament and Koran. I will mention them again here and elaborate on some of them.

All forms of idolatry are corruption in the land. (Exodus 22:20; Deuteronomy 17:2-7) Idolatry includes offering sacrifices to pagan gods. Human sacrifice to a pagan god, which is also murder, is idolatry. (Leviticus 20:2-5) Since the death and resurrection of Jesus, God has abolished all animal sacrifices. (Psalm 39:6-8, LXX; Daniel 9:26,27; Hebrews 10:5-13) Idolatry includes covetousness and greed. (Colossians 3:5) Jesus said:

You cannot serve God and mammon. (Matthew 6:24, NKJV)

Mammon is money. Those who serve money, that is, live passionately to acquire more and more of it, cannot serve God. It is possible for one’s desires to become a god to someone, too. In the Koran, it says:

Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him? (Koran 25:43, Sahih International)

These desires could not only be desires for material things, but also sexual desires. Lust can become a god to someone.

For when they speak great swelling words of emptiness, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through lewdness, the ones who have actually escaped from those who live in error. While they promise them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by whom a person is overcome, by him also he is brought into bondage. (II Peter 2:18,19, NKJV)

Jesus said:

Most assuredly, I say unto you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. (John 8:34, NKJV)

Think about porn addiction. People who are addicted to porn are addicted to lust. Eating food offered to idols can be idolatry. (I Corinthians 10:19-21; Koran 5:3; 6:121)

Idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God. (I Corinthians 6:9,10)

Spreading idolatry is also corruption in the earth. (Deuteronomy 13:1-10) Promoting greed and lust would be spreading corruption in the earth, since greed and lust can become gods to someone.

Blasphemy is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 24:11-16) Many people use profanity and blasphemy without giving much thought to what they are saying. I am thinking here about the typical “cuss word” expressions that punctuate many people’s conversations.

Various sexual sins are corruption in the earth. These include fornication (Leviticus 21:9; Deuteronomy 22:13-24), adultery (Leviticus 18:20,29; 20:10; Deuteronomy 22:22), rape (Deuteronomy 22:25-27), incest (Leviticus 18:6-18,29; 20:11-12,14,17,20,21), sodomy (Leviticus 18:22,29; 20:13), and bestiality (Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 18:23,29; 20:15,16). Having sex with a woman who is having her menstrual period is also corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 18:19,29; 20:18) In the Koran, it says:

And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they have cleansed themselves, go in to them as Allah has commanded you; surely Allah loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves. (Koran 2:222, Shakir)

Think about the society that we live in today and how it has become so accepting of immorality. I have watched some TV shows on Netflix. I have noticed how the film industry has made fornication appear so acceptable. Supergirl fornicates with Mon-El. Mon-El fornicates with Eve. The Flash fornicates with Linda, Patty, and Iris. I saw one episode of Deep Space Nine and Captain Cisco was fornicating with the lady captain of a cargo ship.

This practice of fornication has become so acceptable that many men and women today live with each other outside of wedlock. They even attend church together!

Foretune-telling and sorcery are corruption in the earth. (Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 20:27) Sorcery is listed by St. Paul as one of the works of the flesh. (Galatians 5:19-21) St. Paul said that people who practice any of the works of the flesh will not inherit the kingdom of God.

The Koran says:

O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan’s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed. (Koran 5:90, Pickthall)

The occult flourishes so much in Western society. People play with ouija boards and check their horoscopes. Some people are more heavily involved in the occult.

Giving up one’s children to serve a political leader is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 18:21,29) Kidnapping and abduction are corruption in the earth. (Exodus 21:16, Hebrew; 21:17, LXX)

In some ways, public education tends to indoctrinate children into accepting the politically correct ideology propagated by the mass media. The mass media often teaches that what has been deemed historically morally right is now morally wrong and what is morally wrong is now morally right. In a way, through public education parents have surrendered their children to the state. Of course, most people cannot afford to send their children to a parochial school. So, this is a reality that many must continue to live with.

Striking one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Exodus 21:15) Reviling one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 20:9) Refusing to obey one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Deuteronomy 21:18-21)

Honor thy father and thy mother. (Exodus 20:12, KJV)

Disobedience to a priest or political leader is corruption in the land. (Deuteronomy 17:12)

The Koran says:

The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers — We make no distinction between any of His messengers – and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying. (Koran 2:285, Pickthall)

The first generation Muslims and Muhammad obeyed the commandments given by the messengers in the Bible. Disobeying the non-abrogated commandments in the Bible is working corruption in the earth. Jesus is the High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. (Read Hebrews 7.) Anyone who disobeys Jesus’ commandments or encourages others to disobey His commandments is working corruption in the earth.

Working on the Sabbath, that is, Saturday was classified among the sins which merit the death penalty in the Torah (Exodus 31:15; 35:2; Numbers 15:32-36), but now is not even classified as a sin because the whole law regarding observing the Sabbath has been abrogated. Sunday is the day of rest now. (Colossians 2:16,17; II Thessalonians 2:15; Acts 20:7; I Corinthians 16:2; Revelation 1:10)

The Koran mentions other sins which it classifies as “corruption in the earth.”

Destroying crops and animals is corruption in the land.

And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption. (Koran 2:205, Sahih International)

People in a seventh century agrarian society depended on local agricultural produce more than people do today. Many agricultural products in the United States and Canada are imported from other countries. So, because of this dependence on local agricultural produce, the destruction of crops and cattle would severely harm the people in a seventh century city or town. The moral corollary is: any activity, therefore, that deprives someone of his livelihood or sustenance is corruption in the land.

In the Bible, it says:

He that taketh away his neighbour’s living slayeth him; and he that defraudeth the labourer of his hire is a bloodshedder. (Sirach 34:22, KJV)

People need food in order to survive and a means of obtaining it through good, lawful work. So, anyone who deprives another person of such necessities of life is working corruption in the land.

Starting wars is working corruption in the land.

Every time they kindled the fire of war [against you], Allah extinguished it. And they strive throughout the land [causing] corruption, and Allah does not like corrupters. (Koran 5:64, Sahih International)

Jesus said that the peacemakers are blessed and will be called the sons of God. (Matthew 5:9)

I look at the news and I see how war has caused so much suffering in the world. People who start wars are spreading corruption in the earth. Wars cause famine and sickness. Look at Yemen. Look at how much harm has been done to the Syrian and Iraqi people because of war.

Not helping fellow believers causes the spread of corruption in the land.

Lo! those who believed and left their homes and strove with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them: these are protecting friends one of another. And those who believed but did not leave their homes, ye have no duty to protect them till they leave their homes; but if they seek help from you in the matter of religion then it is your duty to help (them) except against a folk between whom and you there is a treaty. Allah is Seer of what ye do. And those who disbelieve are protectors one of another. If ye do not so, there will be confusion in the land, and great corruption. (Koran 8:72,73, Pickthall)

Doing evil causes corruption in the earth.

And do not cheat the people of their goods. Do not act wickedly on the earth, causing corruption. (Koran 26:183, Qarai)

People who commit genocide are working corruption in the earth. That is what Pharaoh was doing to the Hebrews.

We narrate unto thee (somewhat) of the story of Moses and Pharaoh with truth, for folk who believe. Lo! Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its people castes. A tribe among them he oppressed, killing their sons and sparing their women. Lo! he was of those who work corruption. (Koran 28:3,4, Pickthall)

Transgressions increase corruption in the earth.

Remember God’s bounties, and do not act wickedly, spreading corruption. (Koran 7:74, eclectic translation)

Who transgressed in the lands, and increased corruption therein. (Koran 89:11,12, eclectic translation)

(I looked at the literal Arabic on corpus.quran.com and various translations on  www.quranwow.com  and then pieced together some “eclectic translations” of the verses cited above.)

We often think of sins, such as drunkenness and debauchery, when we think of transgression, but there are doctrinal transgressions as well. Spreading various heresies, such as Tritheism, Adoptionism, Sabellianism, and Arianism, is transgressing.

Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this doctrine, do not receive him into your house nor greet him; for he who greets him shares in his evil deeds. (II John 9-11, NKJV)

People who break a treaty are working corruption in the earth.

And He misleads not except the defiantly disobedient, who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and cause corruption on earth. It is those who are the losers. (Koran 2:26,27, Sahih International)

Abusing God’s gifts is spreading corruption in the earth.

And [recall] when Moses prayed for water for his people, so We said, “Strike with your staff the stone.” And there gushed forth from it twelve springs, and every people knew its watering place. “Eat and drink from the provision of Allah, and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.” (Koran 2:60, Sahih International)

So fear Allah and obey me. And do not obey the order of the transgressors, who cause corruption in the land and do not amend.” They said, “You are only of those affected by magic. You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign, if you should be of the truthful.” He said, “This is a she-camel. For her is a [time of] drink, and for you is a [time of] drink, [each] on a known day. And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day.” But they hamstrung her and so became regretful. And the punishment seized them. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers. (Koran 26:150-158, Sahih International)

God’s gifts are our natural resources. If we abuse them, ecological and environmental damage will be done to our planet. If we destroy our planet, we destroy people’s livelihoods.

The heaven of heavens belong to the Lord: but He has given the earth to the sons of men. (Psalm 113:24, LXX; Psalm 115:16, Hebrew)

Those who reject the truth regarding Jesus’ created humanity are corrupters.

Lo! the likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he is. (This is) the truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who waver. And whoso disputeth with thee concerning Him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie. Lo! This verily is the true narrative. There is no God save Allah, and lo! Allah is the Mighty, the Wise. And if they turn away, then lo! Allah is Aware of (who are) the corrupters. (Koran 3:59-63, Pickthall)

Monophysites are corrupters. They affirm that Jesus has a divine nature and deny that He has a human nature. Dyophysites are not. On the opposite end of the heretical spectrum from the Monophysites are the Ebionites. The Ebionites deny that Jesus has a divine nature. Jesus’ humanity is created. His divinity is uncreated. The two natures are joined together without separation, division, mixture, or change. They are joined together by diffusion, not confusion.

St. John the Theologian, a very close friend and disciple of Jesus, wrote:

For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. (II John 7, NKJV)

Turning people away from God’s path is working corruption.

Lurk not on every road to threaten (wayfarers), and to turn away from Allah’s path him who believeth in Him, and to seek to make it crooked. And remember, when ye were but few, how He did multiply you. And see the nature of the consequence for the corrupters! (Koran 7:86, Pickthall)

For those who disbelieve and debar (men) from the way of Allah, We add doom to doom because they wrought corruption. (Koran 16:88, Pickthall)

St. Paul said in his Second Epistle to Timothy:

Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith; but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was. (II Timothy 3:8,9, NKJV)

But evil men and impostors will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived. (II Timothy 3:13, NKJV)

The Church is the pillar and ground of the truth. (I Timothy 3:15) Jesus promised that the Gates of Hell will not prevail against it. (Matthew 16:18) The Koran says that God is setting those who follow Jesus above those who disbelieve in Jesus until the Day of Resurrection. (Koran 3:55) We need to look at the Church Fathers and other sources of Holy Tradition and apply the principles of universality, antiquity, and consent in order to make sure that we have the truth. God has guided the Ecumenical Church Councils into truth, just as He guided the Council of Jerusalem in the first century. (See Acts 15:22-29.) So, the doctrinal decisions of an Ecumenical Church Council are infallible.

Breaking kinship ties is working corruption in the earth.

Would ye then, if ye were given the command, work corruption in the land and sever your ties of kinship? (Koran 47:22, Pickthall)

We are supposed to love God more than our own families. (Matthew 10:37,38) We still need to maintain our kinship ties. Believing men and women are supposed to give aid to their widowed relatives. (I Timothy 5:16) We should help our other relatives who need help, too.

This is a list of sins mentioned in the Bible and the Koran which are classified as “corruption in the earth.” God does not want us to work corruption in the earth. When people commit sins like these and even promote them, they are destroying the moral foundation of society.

There has been much corruption wrought in the world. All of this corruption that has been wrought in the world needs to be stopped. The Sword of the Spirit (that is, God’s Word) is our offensive weapon. (Ephesians 6:17) The Gospel of Peace is what we need to spread. (Ephesians 6:15) Our defensive weapons are faith, love, and the hope of salvation. (I Thessalonians 5:8)

Let us not be corrupters. Let us be people who want to reverse the spread of corruption in the earth. Reading the Bible is a good place to start. Reading the Koran which confirms the teachings found in the Bible is also a good thing to do. Applying the teachings to our daily lives and striving to serve God instead of our own carnal desires should be our daily objective.

Advertisements

Prophecies of Muhammad in the Bible

November 22, 2017 Leave a comment

When someone reads the title of this blog post, one might think that now I am ready to say the Shahada and go join a mosque. What I see of that which is labeled as Islam today is in my view extremely unkoranic. So, no, I am still a Christian. However, I do think that the Koran has a lot of good moral and spiritual teaching in it. I also recognize that there are mathematical miracles in the Koran which lead me to believe that it is a work of divine providence. God “works all things after the counsel of His own will.” (Ephesians 1:11) Many of the English translations of the Koran are full of mistranslations which reflect the errant theology of the translators. However, there may be some prophecies about Muhammad in the Bible. Many of the ones that Islamic religious leaders cite are not prophecies about him in my opinion.

I want to make a few remarks concerning the matter of authority first. In order for someone to be recognized as a Saint in the Orthodox Church, the Church must glorify that person. No one is recognized as a Saint while he or she is alive. This process of recognition begins at a grass roots level among Christians who knew the person while he was alive. People start venerating this person and eventually the Church does an inquiry and if the hierarchs are satisfied with their findings, the person is enrolled in the list of Saints. Not everyone who is in fact a Saint is on that list. The Church also recognizes that there are people who are Saints but they are known only to God as being such. So, there are the unknown Saints.

In regards to Scripture, the formation of the canon of Holy Scripture took several hundred years after the books of the Bible were written. In the fourth century, for example, the Church in Rome rejected St. Paul’s Epistle to the Hebrews. The Church in the East was slow to accept the Book of Revelation into the canon. There were other books that were not accepted everywhere as Holy Scripture in the second and third century — II Peter, II John, and III John, for example. It took time for the Church to adopt all of the books that we have in our Orthodox Bibles today.

One solitary individual does not have the authority to include or exclude any book into the canon of Holy Scripture. The authority comes from the Church. The Church as a whole must recognize that a book is divinely inspired. Church councils merely state what the Church as a whole says as it is being guided by God into all truth.

Although, I personally have developed an affection for reading and studying the Koran, I do not have the authority to include it into the canon of Holy Scripture.

On the other hand, I cannot predict the future. What will be the Church’s attitude toward this book in the future is a matter of speculation.

I have read that His All-Holiness Bartholomew, the Ecumenical Patriarch, has given away two copies of the Koran. I have also read that the Patriarch of Alexandria has given away one copy of the Koran. A former Patriarch of Alexandria who lived in the twentieth century has gone as far as to say that he thought that Muhammad was a prophet. I read about that in a book written by His Beatitude Kallistos Ware.

My own thoughts about Muhammad are that he was a better man than what we read about in the massive collection of hearsay called the Sunnah. I do not believe that he married a six year old girl and had sex with her when she was nine. That is a fabricated story invented by some Persians and written down by Persians in the ninth century. I do not believe that he told his followers, “Whoever  changes his religion, kill him.” That is another fabricated story written down over two hundred years after he died. I do not believe that he was a warlord. I believe that he encouraged his followers to defend themselves when they were being attacked by polytheists, but to be at peace with the polytheists if they wanted to be at peace with them. I do not believe that the Sword Verse (Koran 9:5) teaches offensive military jihad. When one reads it in context with other verses which come before and after this verse, one can see that this is talking about a seventh century battle fought in self-defense. I do not believe that the Koran teaches the heretical theology of the Arians. I believe that Muhammad was a Trinitarian monotheist.

Now, another side note about Muhammad. I have added up the values of his name in both Greek and Hebrew. There is no numerical value for h in the ancient Greek number system because that letter is represented in Greek by a diacritical mark — something like an apostrophe, only written backwards. In Greek the numerical value of his name is 526. Here is a theory about the meaning of this number. If one were to add 5 + 2 + 6, one would get 13. 13 consists of the numbers 1 and 3. One God, Three Persons. (I still have my Trinitarian bias, as you can probably see.) In Hebrew, the numerical value of his name is 137. This number consists of the numbers 1, 3, and 7. One God, Three Persons, Total Perfection. (7 symbolizes perfection.)

 So, Muhammad is not the Antichrist. His name does not add up to 666. If he was a Trinitarian monotheist like I believe he was, then he was not a heretic either.

Now, I want to look at a verse from the Koran. I am going to use Mohsin Khan’s translation first.

Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e.Muhammad SAW) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16), – he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad SAW), honour him, help him, and follow the light (the Quran) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful. (Koran 7:157, Mohsin Khan)

If you ever want to buy a copy of the Koran, I would strongly discourage you from purchasing this Saudi funded Wahhabi translation. The man who translated it actually interpreted it according to the Wahhabi beliefs of his benefactors.

Notice that he cites Deuteronomy 18:15 as a prophecy about Muhammad. The Koran says:

O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime. Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray. Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way. (Koran 4:136,137, Pickthall)

The Scripture which God “hath revealed unto His messenger” is the Koran. “The Scripture which He revealed aforetime” is the Bible. In that “Scripture which God revealed aforetime,” that passage from Deuteronomy 18:15 is cited as prophecy of Jesus, not a prophecy about Muhammad. (Acts 3:20-23; 7:37) The Koran requires that we believe what we read in the Book of Acts. If we disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, God will never pardon us. (Koran 4:137) Deuteronomy 18:15 is not a prophecy about Muhammad.

Notice also that he cites John 14:16 as a prophecy about Muhammad. Let us look at these verses from John 14.

And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever  —  the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you. (John 14:16,17, NKJV)

But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you. (John 14:26, NKJV)

Let us plug Muhammad’s name in these verses.

And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that Muhammad may abide with you forever  —  the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Muhammad nor knows Muhammad; but you know Muhammad, for Muhammad dwells with you and will be in you. (John 14:16,17, NKJV modified)

But the Helper Muhammad, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, this person Muhammad will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you. (John 14:26, NKJV modified)

From the context of these verses, we can easily see that the Helper, the Spirit of truth, and the Holy Spirit all refer to the same Person. (The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity. He is the one who “neither begets, nor is begotten” in Koran 112.) Let us, now, plug in Muhammad again. Look at these verses from Matthew 28.

Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. Amen. (Matthew 28:19,20, NKJV)

The baptismal formula is “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” (I know about the passages in the Book of Acts that talk about baptism in Jesus’ name. I prefer to stick with patristic explanations of those passages — that is to say, how the Church Fathers interpreted them. That is another subject for another blog.)

So, if Muhammad is the Spirit of truth who is also called the Helper or the Holy Spirit, then Jesus told His disciples to baptize new converts in the name of the Father, Jesus, and Muhammad. Muhammad was born in the late sixth century. Jesus’ apostles lived in the first century. This seems rather ridiculous to believe this, in my opinion. (By the way, these verses are not a later addition to the Bible. They existed in the seventh century Bible that the Koran told us to believe. The Church Fathers who lived hundreds of year before Muhammad quoted these verses in their writings.)

The Koran warns us about distorting God’s revelations.

Lo! those who distort Our revelations are not hid from Us. Is he who is hurled into the Fire better, or he who cometh secure on the Day of Resurrection? Do what ye will. Lo! He is Seer of what ye do. (Koran 41:40, Pickthall)

The Islamic religious leaders who are citing those verses from Deuteronomy 18 and John 14 are doing that.

Here is another popular distortion. Many Islamic religious leaders quote these verses from St. John’s Gospel or verses like them in parallel accounts in the other three Gospels as a prophecy about Muhammad.

John answered them, saying, “I baptize with water, but there stands One among you whom you do not know. It is He who, coming after me, is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose.” (John 1:26,27, NKJV)

Well, in order to properly understand who it is that John was talking about, it is necessary for us look at the verses which come later in this chapter.

The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing with water.” (John 1:29-31, NKJV)

St. John the Baptist was talking about Jesus. Jesus is the one who is preferred before John. John 1:26,27 is not a prophecy about Muhammad.

I could go through some other so-called prophecies about Muhammad and debunk them, too, but I do not want to anger my Muslim readers any more than I already have. Instead, I want to be a bit more conciliatory and present some possible prophecies about Muhammad from the Bible. Please remember that I am only suggesting these passages as possibilities. I, as a single individual, really do not have the authority to say that they are in fact prophecies about him.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation. (II Peter 1:20, NKJV)

First, let us look at a better translation of that verse from the Seventh Surah than that Wahhabi translation I quoted earlier.

Those who follow the Messenger-Prophet, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Taurat and the Injeel (who) enjoins them good and forbids them evil, and makes lawful to them the good things and makes unlawful to them impure things, and removes from them their burden and the shackles which were upon them; so (as for) those who believe in him and honor him and help him, and follow the light which has been sent down with him, these it is that are the successful. (Koran 7:157, Shakir)

Some have pointed out that the Arabic word that is usually translated as “who can neither read nor write” or “illiterate” can mean Gentile. So, this Messenger is a Gentile prophet — a prophet who is neither a Jew, nor a Christian. Muhammad is a descendant of Ishmael according to Islamic history. From what I have read in the Koran, I can easily see that he lived among pagans — people who worshiped more than one god. There were also Christian heretics that he apparently encountered — Nestorians, Sabellians, Maryamites, Adoptionists, Bitheists, and Tritheists. The Koran frequently condemns these heresies. It condemns polytheism. It also condemns the unkoranic practice of rejecting the Bible.

There are some principles of interpretation that I want to present before I provide the suggested possibilities. I will first use these prophecies of Jesus and a passage from the New Testament to demonstrate how Scripture is interpreted. The prophecies about Jesus first:

But they shall serve the Lord their God; and I will raise up to them David their king. (Jeremiah 37:9, LXX; Jeremiah 30:9, Hebrew)

And I will raise up one shepherd over them, and He shall tend them, even My servant David, and He shall be their shepherd; and I the Lord will be to them a God, and David a prince in the midst of them; I the Lord have spoken it. And I will make with David a covenant of peace and I will utterly destroy evil beasts from off the land; and they shall dwell in the wilderness, and sleep in the forests. And I will settle them round about My mountain; and I will give you the rain, the rain of blessing. And the trees that are in the field shall yield their fruit, and the earth shall yield her strength, and they shall dwell in the confidence of peace on their land, and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I have broken their yoke; and I will deliver them out of the hand of those that enslaved them. And they shall no more be a spoil to the nations, and the wild beasts of the land shall no more at all devour them; and they shall dwell safely, and there shall be none to make them afraid. And I will raise up for them a plant of peace, and they shall no more perish with hunger upon the land, and they shall no more bear the reproach of the nations. (Ezekiel 34:23-29, LXX)

And My servant David shall be a prince in the midst of them: there shall be one shepherd of them all; for they shall walk in Mine ordinances, and keep My judgments, and do them. And they shall dwell in their land, which I have given to My servant Jacob, where their fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell upon it: and David My servant shall be their prince forever. And I will make with them a covenant of peace; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them; and I will establish My sanctuary in the midst of them for ever. And My tabernacle shall be among them; and I will be to them a God, and they shall be My people. And the nations shall know that I am the Lord that sanctifies them, when My sanctuary is in the midst of them for ever. (Ezekiel 37:24-28, LXX)

For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an altar, and without a priesthood, and without manifestations. And afterward shall the children of Israel return, and shall seek the Lord their God, and David their king; and shall be amazed at the Lord and at His goodness in the latter days. (Hosea 3:4,5, LXX)

In all four of these prophecies, the Christ (that is, the Messiah) is called David. David is a biological ancestor of the Christ. The prophets use the name of the Christ’s ancestor when speaking about the Christ.

Now, for the New Testament passage.

But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy. (I Peter 2:9,10, NKJV)

St. Peter called the Church “a holy nation.” Of course, the Church is not a nation in the usual sense. The Church is a spiritual nation. Jesus told Pilate that His kingdom “is not of this world.” (John 18:36) The Church is a spiritual nation that thrives in and among earthly nations. St. Paul called the Church “the Israel of God.” (Galatians 6:16)

Now, let us look at this prophecy about Ishmael (Ismael in the Septuagint).

And concerning Ismael, behold, I have heard thee, and, behold, I have blessed him, and will increase him and multiply him exceedingly; twelve nations shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. (Genesis 17:20, LXX)

Although Ishmael had been cast out of Abraham’s household. God said that He has blessed him. He said that Ishmael will beget twelve nations. This prophecy about begetting twelve nations was fulfilled in this passage.

And these are the generations of Ismael the son of Abraam, whom Agar the Egyptian the hand-maid of Sarrha bore to Abraam. And these are the names of the sons of Ismael, according to the names of their generations. The firstborn of Ismael, Nabaioth, and Kedar, and Nabdeel, and Massam, and Masma, and Duma, and Masse, and Choddan, and Thaeman, and Jetur, and Naphes, and Kedma. These are the sons of Ismael, and these are their names in their tents and in their dwellings, twelve princes according to their nations. (Genesis 25:12-16, LXX)

Then, God says, “I will make him a great nation.” God promises to make Ishmael a great nation. Twice more in Genesis, God says that He will make Ishmael a great nation.

And moreover I will make the son of this bondwoman a great nation, because he is thy seed. (Genesis 21:13, LXX)

Rise up, and take the child, and hold him in thine hand, for I will make him a great nation. (Genesis 21:18, LXX)

To further understand what is being said here, we need to understand that Abraham has spiritual children — children who are not necessarily his biological children.

Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. (Galatians 3:7, NKJV)

Christians, regardless of their biological ancestry, are part of the commonwealth Israel. (God changed Jacob’s name to Israel. – Genesis 32:28)

Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh — who are called Uncircumcision by what is called the Circumcision made in the flesh by hands — that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. (Ephesians 2:11-13, NKJV)

Jacob, therefore, has spiritual seed — children who are not necessarily his biological posterity. Understanding this principle will help one understand some possible prophecies about Muhammad in the Torah.

Here is one possible prophecy about Muhammad from the Torah. An angel appeared to Hagar, Abraham’s concubine. Hagar had only one child, Ishmael.

And the angel of the Lord said to her, I will surely multiply thy seed, and it shall not be numbered for multitude. (Genesis 16:10, LXX)

In Genesis, there are similar prophecies about God multiplying the seed of Isaac and Jacob. (Genesis 26:4,24; 28:3; 32:12; 48:4)

It is possible that Ishmael might have spiritual seed, too. So, what I am saying is this. The great nation that God promises to make Ishmael is a spiritual nation like the Church. Just as David is used prophetically to refer to Christ, Ishmael prophetically refers to Muhammad. The Muslim Ummah is the spiritual nation. There are 1.5 billion Muslims in the world. Although what a vast majority of their religious leaders are teaching is, in my opinion, heretical, still this vast, great spiritual nation exists. (There are Christians who teach heresies, too. So, we need to point the finger at ourselves as well as to the Muslims.)

The next two possible prophecies are found in the New Testament. I need to provide some more exemplary interpretations of some other passages so that we can apply those principles to the possible prophecies. First, let us look at this verse from St. Matthew’s Gospel.

For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? (Matthew 16:26, NKJV)

Some parallel passages are Mark 8:36 and Luke 9:25. This has a general application. People should beware of greed and covetousness. However, the Lord may have been alluding to the Antichrist who will gain the whole world and lose his soul.

“It may be that our Lord Jesus Christ was thinking ahead to Antichrist when He said, “What profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul?” (Matthew 16:26) For, without a doubt, Antichrist will be the first and last human capable of gaining the whole world. And the cost of this great acquisition will be not only his own soul, but the souls of all people who side with him.” (Ultimate Things, p. 250, by Dennis E. Engleman, copyright 1995 by Dennis Eugene Engleman, published by Conciliar Press, Ben Lomond, California, ISBN 0-9622713-9-X)

Matthew 16:26 might have a more specific application in addition to the general one.

Now, for the possible prophecy. There was a man who was casting out devils in Jesus’ name, but he was not following along with the Apostles. They forbade the man and told Jesus. Jesus said:

But Jesus said, “Do not forbid him, for no one who works a miracle in My name can soon afterward speak evil of Me. For he who is not against us is on our side.” (Mark 9:39,40, NKJV)

There is a parallel passage in Luke 9:50. Just as Jesus could have been alluding to the Antichrist in Matthew 16:26, here, He may have been alluding to Muhammad. When the Persian polytheists were attacking the Orthodox Christians, Muhammad prophesied that the Orthodox Christians would be victorious. (Koran 30:2-5) The Orthodox Christians eventually defeated the Persians and the prophecy was fulfilled. Also, Muhammad said that the followers of Jesus will be set over those who do not believe in Jesus until the Day of Resurrection. (Koran 3:55)

So, although Muhammad did not follow along with the Orthodox Christians, he was not against them. He, therefore, was on their side.

Someone might mention here the Jizyah verse. (Koran 9:29) The jizyah appears only once in the entire Koran. There are no rules regarding how much to exact and for how long one must exact this tax. The amount was determined by a seventh century treaty with polytheists. Judging from the context of this verse, the jizyah was being exacted from polytheists who had been given the Bible and maybe a Koran, too, but did not believe in God and the Last Day. Where there is no treaty, there is no jizyah.

All of the other passages in the Koran that appear to some misinformed people to be condemning the doctrine of the Trinity are really condemning ancient Christian heresies.

Then, there is the Parable of the Good Samaritan. From this parable we can learn some more principles of interpretation.

Then Jesus answered and said: “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, who stripped him of his clothing, wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead. Now by chance a certain priest came down that road. And when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. Likewise a Levite, when he arrived at the place, came and looked, and passed by on the other side. But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was. And when he saw him, he had compassion. So he went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine; and he set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, when I come again, I will repay you.’ So which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?” And he said, “He who showed mercy on him.” Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.” (Luke 10:30-37, NKJV)

This parable has a general application. It tells us that we should be “Good Samaritans” and help everyone who needs help regardless of their race or religion. There is also an allegorical interpretation. The Good Samaritan in the parable is Jesus Christ. The Jews called Jesus a Samaritan. (John 8:48) Jerusalem represents Paradise. The Temple was in Jerusalem. Jericho represents Hell. After Jericho fell, Joshua said that the man who rebuilds it will cursed. (Joshua 6:26) The thieves are the demons. Jesus called the devil the thief. (John 10:10) The priest and the Levite are the religious elite. They ignore the man who had been wounded by the thieves. The man was half-dead indicating that there was still hope for his recovery. The Good Samaritan, Jesus, comes and bandages the man’s wounds (the Sacrament of Baptism). He poured oil (the Sacrament of Chrismation) and wine (the Sacrament of the Eucharist) on them. Then, He placed the man in the Church. The inn represents the Church. He gave two denarii to the innkeeper. The innkeeper is the priest. The two denarii are Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition. The Samaritan told the innkeeper to take care of the man. The priest is supposed to take care of the man in his church. The Samaritan told the innkeeper that he will repay him when he returns. Allegorically, this means that the priest will be rewarded at Christ’s Second Coming.

Now, here are the two other possible prophecies about Muhammad.

45 “Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his master made ruler over his household, to give them food in due season? 46 Blessed is that servant whom his master, when he comes, will find so doing. 47 Assuredly, I say to you that he will make him ruler over all his goods. (Matthew 24:45-47, NKJV)

42 And the Lord said, “Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his master will make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season? 43 Blessed is that servant whom his master will find so doing when he comes. 44 Truly, I say to you that he will make him ruler over all that he has. (Luke 12:42-44, NKJV)

Notice that in Matthew 24:46 and Luke 12:43 Jesus said, “Blessed is that servant.” In Luke 12:42, Jesus asked, “Who then is that faithful and wise steward?” Jesus is talking about a particular person. Prior to saying these words in Matthew 24 and Luke 12, Jesus spoke about future events and His Second Coming. So, this parable refers to future events. The faithful and wise steward who feeds the Master’s servants is possibly Muhammad. The Master of the Household is Jesus. The return of the Master of the Household is the Second Coming of Jesus. The food that is given in due season refers to the Koran which was revealed over a period of 22 years. In this saying of Jesus, the Word of God is spoken of as being food.

But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’” (Matthew 4:4, NKJV)

The parallel passage is Luke 4:4. Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy.

And He afflicted thee and straitened thee with hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thy fathers knew not; that He might teach thee that man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God shall man live. (Deuteronomy 8:3, LXX)

In the 18th Psalm of the Septuagint, it says:

To be desired more than gold, and much precious stone: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. (Psalm 18:10, LXX; Psalm 19:10, Hebrew)

So, the Word of God is, analogously speaking, food. Muhammad gave the Koran as it was revealed to him “in due season.” Of course, the Word of God is also the Bible. The Koran says to believe the Bible. (Koran 4:136,137) It also says to study the Bible. (Koran 3:79)

Of course, we all should be faithful and wise stewards of what God has given us. So, those passages also have a general application. Does not the Koran also say that Muhammad is a good example for us to follow? (Koran 33:21)

I think that at Jesus’ Second Coming the Theotokos will sit on His right hand. (Psalm 44:9, LXX; Psalm 45:9, Hebrew) St. John the Baptist will sit on His left hand because he is the greatest man born of a woman (Matthew 11:11) except for Jesus. (John 1:26-30; 3:25-30) I think that Muhammad will be Jesus’ deputy in the same way that Joseph was Pharaoh’s deputy (Genesis 41:37-45) and in the same way that Nebuchadnezzar made Daniel ruler over all of his kingdom. (Daniel 3:48, LXX; Daniel 2:48, Hebrew) The Twelve Apostles will sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Matthew 19:28)

In conclusion, many of the so-called prophecies about Muhammad are not prophecies about him at all. Nevertheless, that does not mean that there are no prophecies about him in the Bible. I have suggested some passages from the Bible as being prophecies about Muhammad. I, however, do not have the authority to unequivocally say that those are prophecies about him. As far as the Koran being included in the canon of Holy Scripture by the Church, that is for the Church to decide and not for any one particular individual. As for Muhammad’s prophethood, that has not been universally recognized by the Church. However, that does not mean that his prophethood will never be recognized by the Church. I do not believe that Muhammad taught heresies. I think that Islamic religious leaders are teaching heresies. I believe that many of the stories about Muhammad in the Sunnah are fabrications and are not true.

Sectarian Islam is Unkoranic

November 4, 2017 Leave a comment

I have watched some of Sam Gerrans’ videos on Youtube and I agree with much of what he says. I do not agree with everything that he says. He rejects the hadiths as hearsay. I do, too. He rejects Sunni Islam which has been built on that massive collection of hearsay called the Sunnah. He calls it “brand Islam.” I have identified three key problems with “brand Islam.”

Here is a video from his Youtube channel. I found it very interesting.

 

The only ones who say anything resembling the shahada in the Koran are the hypocrites. (Koran 63:1) A lot of the practices derived from the hadiths, for example, the manner of prayer, are innovations. (Sunni Muslims hold their hands in certain ways while praying.) The Koran says that Muhammad received no new revelations and was not an innovator among the messengers. (Koran 41:43; 46:9)

That massive collection of hearsay, called the Sunnah, is the first key problem with “brand Islam.” All of it was written down over two hundred years after Muhammad died, except for Malik’s collection of hearsay. It was written down sometime between a hundred and two hundred years after Muhammad died. Muhammad died in 632. The compiler of Sahih al-Bukhari was born in 810. The compiler of Sahih Muslim was born in 815. Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are the two most important encyclopedic collections of hearsay in Sunni Islam. All of the other encyclopedias of hearsay were compiled by people who were born after 815. Read more…

The Spirit of the Holy One in the Koran

October 22, 2017 Leave a comment

There is a phrase that occurs four times in the Koran. It is usually translated as “the Holy Spirit” or “the holy spirit.” Sahih International translates the phrase as “the Pure Spirit.” Literally, it says either “the spirit of the Holy One” or “the Spirit of the Holy One.” If the word, “spirit,” begins with a capital S, then this phrase is referring to the Third Person of the Trinity. I am going to provide my opinion on the meaning of this phrase in each of the four verses where it occurs in the Koran.

First of all, I need to provide some background detail. In the Book of Tobit, a book that is accepted by Orthodox Christians as Holy Scripture and a revelation from Allah as well as by Muhammad (Koran 29:46), the Archangel Raphael says:

I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One. (Tobit 12:15, KJV)

There are seven archangels. Three are mentioned in the Bible: Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael. Only two of them are mentioned in the Koran: Michael and Gabriel. (See Koran 2:98.) Uriel and Salathiel are mentioned in an apocryphal book. The names of the other two are Jegudiel and Barachiel. Their names have been transmitted by tradition.

In the Bible, it says that angels are spirits.

And of the angels He says: “Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire.” …Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation? (Hebrews 1:7,14, NKJV)

God is called the Holy One in both the Bible and the Koran.

He is Allah, than Whom there is no other God, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, Peace, the Keeper of Faith, the Guardian, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb. Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him). (Koran 59:23, Pickthall)

All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth glorifieth Allah, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Mighty, the Wise. (Koran 62:1, Pickthall)

Compare Isaiah 43:3,15; 45:11. We have already seen in the Book of Tobit where the Archangel Raphael called God the Holy One. There are several other instances in the Bible where God is called the Holy One.

St. Peter called Jesus the Holy One.

But you denied the Holy One and the Just, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, of which we are witnesses. (Acts 3:14,15, NKJV)

Angels appeared several times during Jesus Christ’s ministry on earth, but only a few such instances were recorded in the Gospels.

And He said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.” (John 1:51, NKJV)

Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him. (Matthew 4:11, NKJV)

And He was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan, and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered to Him. (Mark 1:13, NKJV)

The first occurence where this phrase appears is in Koran 2:87. Here, it says:

And verily We [the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit]  gave unto Moses the Scripture and We [the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit] caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We [the Father and the Holy Spirit] gave unto Jesus, Son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s sovereignty), and We [the Father and the Holy Spirit] supported Him with the holy spirit [the spirit of the Holy One]. Is it ever so, that, when there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which ye yourselves desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye disbelieve and some ye slay? (Koran 2:87, Pickthall)

The Arabic words translated as “with the holy spirit” by Pickthall are birūḥi al-qudusi. I think that these words are best translated as “the spirit of the Holy One.” I think that here in this verse “the spirit of the Holy One” is an angel and this might be a reference to this passage in St. Luke’s Gospel.

Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him. (Luke 22:43, NKJV)

This verse and Luke 22:44 do not appear in some Greek and Latin manuscripts. St. Hillary of Poitiers (300-367) was aware of this. However, he commented on this passage in his writings.

St. Ambrose (340-397), St. Jerome (345-420), and Blessed Augustine of Hippo (354-430) cited this passage from St. Luke’s Gospel in their writings. Tatian (110-172) must have seen these verses in some second and possibly first century manuscripts because The Diatessaron, which Tatian wrote, mentions this incident in Christ’s life.

The next occurence of this phrase is in Koran 2:253.

Of those messengers, some of whom We [the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit] have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He [the Father] exalted (above others) in degree; and We [the Father and the Holy Spirit] gave Jesus, Son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty) and We [the Father and the Holy Spirit] supported Him with the holy Spirit [the spirit of the Holy One]. And if Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with another; but Allah doeth what He will. (Koran 2:253, Pickthall)

This verse like Koran 2:87 is probably talking about the angel who strengthened Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane.

If the angel is one of the seven archangels that goes in and out before the Holy One (Tobit 12:15), then it is most probably the Archangel Raphael. He assists in healing people. (Read the Book of Tobit.) The Archangel Gabriel’s mission is to proclaim glad tidings and reveal prophecy. (See Daniel 9 and Luke 1:26-38.)

The  third occurrence in the Koran is in Koran 5:110.

When Allah saith: O Jesus, Son of Mary! Remember My favour [the Father’s favour] unto Thee and unto Thy mother; how I [Allah the Father] strengthened Thee with the Holy Spirit [the Spirit of the Holy One], so that Thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as in maturity; and how I [Allah the Father] taught Thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how Thou didst shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission [the Father’s permission], and didst blow upon it and it was a bird by My permission [the Father’s permission], and Thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission [the  Father’s permission]; and how Thou didst raise the dead by My permission [the Father’s permission]; and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) Thee when Thou camest unto them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than mere magic. (Koran 5:110, Pickthall)

Here, the words clearly refer to the Third Person of the Trinity. The incident about Jesus speaking in the cradle is mentioned in an apocryphal gospel. It is possible that this may have actually occurred. The miracle would be illustrating that Jesus is the Incarnate Word of Allah. He speaks even as a baby. Not all of the miracles that Jesus performed are recorded in the four Gospels. (See John 20:30; 21:25.) The creation of a bird out of clay is another miracle mentioned in an apocryphal Gospel. The purpose of the miracle is to illustrate that Jesus is our Creator. When it says that the Father taught Jesus, this is not contrary to the teachings in the Gospels.

And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men. (Luke 2:52, NKJV)

I have many things to say and to judge concerning you, but He who sent Me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I heard from Him. (John 8:26, NKJV)

But as My Father taught Me, I speak these things. (John 8:28, NKJV)

I speak what I have seen with My Father, and you do what you have seen with your father. (John 8:38, NKJV)

In the seventh chapter of St. John’s Gospel, it says:

Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and taught. And the Jews marveled, saying, “How does this Man know letters, having never studied?” (John 7:14,15, NKJV)

As God, Jesus knows everything.

His disciples said to Him, “See, now You are speaking plainly, and using no figure of speech! Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question You. By this we believe that You came forth from God.” (John 16:29,30, NKJV)

He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?” Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, “Do you love Me?” And he said to Him, “Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You.” (John 21:17, NKJV)

As Man, He continues to learn. The divine nature which is omniscient is joined together without separation, without division, without mixture, and WITHOUT CHANGE in one Person to His human nature which still retains the human properties of learning. His divine nature enriched His human nature.

As far as Him having permission from Allah the Father, He would, of course have His Father’s permission. He said:

Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner. (John 5:19, NKJV)

and:

And He who sent Me is with Me. The Father has not left Me alone, for I always do those things that please Him. (John 8:29, NKJV)

In the Book of Acts, it is recorded that St. Peter said:

The word which God sent to the children of Israel, preaching peace through Jesus Christ — He is Lord of all — that word you know, which was proclaimed throughout all Judea, and began from Galilee after the baptism which John preached: how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him. (Acts 10:36-38, NKJV)

Here, St. Peter is talking about the Holy Spirit descending upon Jesus at His baptism. (See Matthew 3:16,17.) The words in Koran 5:110 must be talking about another activity of the Holy Spirit during Jesus’ infancy. Jesus said:

All things that the Father has are Mine. (John 16:15, NKJV)

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father (Matthew 10:20; Romans 8:11) and the Spirit of the Son. St. Paul called the Holy Spirit “the Spirit of Christ” (Romans 8:9) and “the Spirit of His Son” (Galatians 4:6). So, the Holy Spirit was already with Jesus during His infancy. Moreover, in St. Luke’s Gospel, it is recorded that the Archangel Gabriel said to Mary:

The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35, NKJV)

The Holy Spirit was with Jesus, therefore, from the moment of conception in His mother’s Fallopian tube.

All Three Persons of the Trinity share the same essence. They occupy the same space and are omnipresent. The terminology such as, strengthened with the Spirit of the Holy One, and the Holy Spirit will come and upon you, are speaking about activities of the Deity. God is in all places at all times. However, Jesus’ human nature is not omnipresent. His human nature was joined inseparably to His divine nature, without division, without mixture, and WITHOUT CHANGE.

The last occurrence of this phrase is in the 16th surah of the Koran.

Say: The Holy Spirit [the Spirit of the Holy One, or the spirit of the Holy One] hath delivered it from thy Lord with truth, that it may confirm (the faith of) those who believe, and as guidance and good tidings for those who have surrendered (to Allah). (Koran 16:102, Pickthall)

There are two possible interpretations of the Arabic words, rūḥu al-qudusi. The words either mean the Spirit of the Holy One, that is, the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Trinity, or the spirit of the Holy One, more specifically referring to the Archangel Gabriel.

This verse in the New Testament gives support to the first interpretation.

For prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. (II Peter 1:21, NKJV)

If Muhammad was truly a prophet, then he spoke as he was moved by the Holy Spirit. The other possible interpretation finds support in this verse from the Koran.

Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by Allah’s leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, and a guidance and glad tidings to believers. (Koran 2:97, Pickthall)

In conclusion, the words, birūḥi al-qudusi, in Koran 2:87 and 2:253 refer to an angel, probably the Archangel Raphael. The same words in Koran 5:110 refer to the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Trinity. The words, rūḥu al-qudusi, in Koran 16:102 refer to either the Holy Spirit or the Archangel Gabriel.

To sum up, in Koran 2:87 and 2:253, the spirit of the Holy One is the angel who strengthened Jesus when He was in the Garden of Gethsemane the night before His crucifixion. This angel is probably the Archangel Raphael. In Koran 5:110, the Spirit of the Holy One is the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Holy Trinity. In Koran 16:102, rūḥu al-qudusi is either the Holy Spirit or the Archangel Gabriel.

 

 

 

 

Prostrations Before Adam

October 7, 2017 Leave a comment

Worshiping anyone but God is clearly forbidden in both the Bible and the Koran. However, there is a curious account in the Koran about angels being told by God to prostrate themselves before Adam. This may initially appear to some as being a divinely granted license to practice idolatry, but I do not believe that that is the case. Actually, I think that this story, which occurs more than once in the Koran, is a theological statement.

First, let us look at a few passages in the Bible. In the Decalogue, it says:

I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before Me. (Exodus 20:2,3, KJV)

Having any other god in addition to God is clearly forbidden. There is only one God.

Yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live. (I Corinthians 8:6, NKJV)

St. John the Theologian was Jesus’ beloved disciple and the author of the Fourth Gospel. He said:

Little children, keep yourselves from idols. (I John 5:21, NKJV)

The holy angels who serve God refuse to be worshiped. In the Book of Judges, the angel told Manoah:

And if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the Lord. (Judges 13:16, KJV)

In the Book of Revelation, an angel  twice forbids St. John to worship him.

Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’” And he said to me, “These are the true sayings of God.” And I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “See that you do not do that! I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” (Revelation 19:9,10, NKJV)

Now I, John, saw and heard these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel who showed me these things. Then he said to me, “See that you do not do that. For I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.” (Revelation 20:8,9, NKJV)

In the Gospels, Jesus refuses to worship Satan, who is a fallen angel.

And he said to Him, “All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me.” Then Jesus said to him, “Away with you, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve.’” (Matthew 4:9,10, NKJV. See also Luke 4:7,8.)

However, in the Koran, it says in seven places that God told the angels to prostrate themselves before Adam.

And when We [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. (Koran 2:34, Pickthall)

And We [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] created you, then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! And they fell prostrate, all save Iblis, who was not of those who make prostration. (Koran 7:11, Pickthall)

When I [God the Father] have shaped him, and breathed My spirit in him, fall you down, bowing before him! (Koran 15:29, Arberry)

And when We [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] said unto the angels: Fall down prostrate before Adam and they fell prostrate all save Iblis, he said: Shall I fall prostrate before that which Thou hast created of clay? (Koran 17:61, Pickthall)

And (remember) when We [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord’s command. Will ye choose him and his seed for your protecting friends instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you? Calamitous is the exchange for evil-doers. (Koran 18:51, Pickthall)

And when We [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, they fell prostrate (all) save Iblis; he refused. (Koran 20:116, Pickthall)

Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: “I [God the Father] am about to create man from clay: when I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.” So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together: not so Iblis: he was haughty, and became one of those who reject Faith. (Koran 38:71-74, Yusuf Ali)

Elsewhere in the Koran it says that the angels prostrate themselves before Allah and are not proud.

And unto Allah maketh prostration whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth of living creatures, and the angels (also) and they are not proud. (Koran 16:49, Pickthall)

It also says in the Koran:

Lo! whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden paradise. (Koran 5:72, Pickthall)

Was God ascribing Adam as a partner unto Himself? Of course not. He was making a theological statement.

In the Koran it says:

The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His Word which He conveyed [literally, cast] unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. (Koran 4:171, Pickthall)

These words from the Koran say two things about Jesus. They say that He is human. He “was only a messenger of Allah.” They also say that He is divine. He is His Word, that is, the Word of Allah.

In the Koran, it says that Muhammad accepted the Scriptures of the Jews and the Orthodox Christians.

O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His messenger [the Koran], and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime [the Bible]. Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray. (Koran 4:136, Pickthall)

And argue not with the People of the Scripture unless it be in (a way) that is better, save with such of them as do wrong; and say: We believe in that which hath been revealed unto us [the Koran] and revealed unto you [the Bible]; our God and your God is One, and unto Him we surrender. (Koran 29:46, Pickthall)

Therefore call thou, and go straight as thou hast been commanded; do not follow their caprices. And say: ‘I believe in whatever Book God has sent down; I have been commanded to be just between you. God is our Lord and your Lord. We have our deeds, and you have your deeds; there is no argument between us and you; God shall bring us together, and unto Him is the homecoming.’ (Koran 42:15, Arberry)

Therefore, these words from St. John’s Gospel were accepted by Muhammad.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was madeAnd the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:1-3,14, NKJV)

In St. Paul’s Epistle to the Hebrews, it says:

Even Levi, who receives tithes, paid tithes through Abraham, so to speak, for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him. (Hebrews 7:9,10, NKJV)

Levi was Abraham’s grandson. God commanded through Moses that the Israelites should pay tithes to the Levites — the men who were descendants of Levi. (Numbers 18:21-24) Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek. (Genesis 14:18-20) So, since Levi was in the loins of Abraham when Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, Levi paid tithes to Melchizedek.

Now, apply this principle to those passages in the Koran which speak about God commanding the angels to prostrate themselves before Adam. Jesus’ humanity was already in the loins of Adam from the day that he was created.

Jesus is Allah’s Word which He cast to Mary. (Koran 4:171) The Word of Allah cannot be a partner with Allah, because Allah has no partners. Therefore, the Word of Allah is Allah. (John 1:1-3)

The incarnation of Allah the Word is prophesied in the Old Testament.

This is our God, and there shall none other be accounted of in comparison of Him. He hath found out all the way of knowledge, and hath given it unto Jacob His servant, and to Israel His beloved. Afterward did He shew Himself upon earth, and conversed with men. (Baruch 3:35-37, KJV)

The incarnation took place when Allah cast His Word to Mary. When the angels prostrated themselves to Adam, they were making a theological statement. They were indicating that God the Word will assume His humanity from one of Adam’s descendants.

It says in the Book of Deuteronomy in the Septuagint version of the Old Testament:

And let all the angels of God worship Him. (Deuteronomy 32:43, LXX)

These words were quoted by St. Paul in Hebrews 1:6.

But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “Let all the angels of God worship Him.” And of the angels He says: “Who makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire.” But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. (Hebrews 1:6-8, NKJV)

Notice in the above cited passage that God calls the Son God. Since each Person of the Trinity is God in His entirety, it is appropriate for one Person of the Trinity to call another Person God.

If one were to divide the divine essence (that is, the substance of which God consists) into infinitesimally small particles, each particle would belong to all three Persons of the Trinity. One essence, one God. The same essence, the same God.

The incarnate God, according to His assumed humanity, is a descendant of Adam and in the loins of Adam. Therefore, the angels, according to those seven passages in the Koran, prostrated themselves before Adam. The divine nature of the incarnate God came from God the Father. Jesus said that He proceeded forth and came from God. (John 8:42) The procession of the Son from the Father is called “being begotten.” This is theological language. It should not be interpreted literally. God never had sex with anyone. Jesus’ divine nature had an origin, but no beginning. His human nature has both an origin and a beginning. The two natures were joined together inseparably without division, mixture, or change into one Person. Therefore, Jesus could say to the Jews:

“Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.” Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.” (John 8:56-58, NKJV)

The Koran truly confirms whatever Scripture was before it. (Koran 5:48) The angels prostrating themselves before Adam is a theological statement that God would one day assume a human nature from one of Adam’s descendants. This already happened nine months before the birth of Jesus in about 5 B.C. (His birth was in 4 B.C.)

 

 

 

Categories: Islam Tags: , , , , , ,

Who are the Muslims and What is Islam?

July 3, 2017 Leave a comment

And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever. (I John 2:17, NKJV)

Most people who read the title of this blog post will think that they already know the answer to this question. They would probably say, “Oh, those are the terrorists who kill innocent people.” They might say, “Oh, those are the people who practice that religion founded by Muhammad. They stone people to death for committing adultery.” They might say, “Oh, those are those people who pray five times a day and fast during Ramadan.” I, however, am going to provide a Koranic definition of Muslim and Islam in this blog post. The Koranic definition might be quite a shock to many non-Muslim readers, that is, to those readers who are not affiliated with any of the various, modern versions of Islam practiced today.

The Arabic word translated Muslim means one who submits. In the Koran, this word has a much broader meaning than the one that is typically used today.

Several of the Old Testament Saints and Prophets were called Muslims in the Koran. Noah was called a Muslim.

And recite to them the news of Noah, when he said to his people, “O my people, if my residence and my reminding of the signs of Allah has become burdensome upon you – then I have relied upon Allah. So resolve upon your plan and [call upon] your associates. Then let not your plan be obscure to you. Then carry it out upon me and do not give me respite. And if you turn away [from my advice] then no payment have I asked of you. My reward is only from Allah, and I have been commanded to be of the Muslims.” (Koran 10:71,72, Sahih International)

In Genesis, we can read about the story of Noah building an ark to save his household from the flood and how God saved him and his household from it. (Genesis 6:8-9:29) In the New Testament, it says that Noah was “a preacher of righteousness.” (II Peter 2:5) In Genesis, it says that Noah “found grace in the eyes of the Lord” (Genesis 6:8) and “walked with God.” (Genesis 6:9)

Abraham and Ishmael were called Muslims.

And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing. Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. (Koran 2:127,128, Sahih International)

No; Abraham in truth was not a Jew, neither a Christian; but he was a Muslim and one pure of faith; certainly he was never of the idolaters. (Koran 3:67, Arberry)

Many Muslims (in the modern day Islamic sense) have been circumcised. However, Noah was a Muslim before God gave Abraham the covenant of circumcision. Abraham was a monotheist. He received the commandment to be circumcised. (Genesis 17:9-14) His son Ishmael was circumcised. (Genesis 17:23,25) Circumcision was a sign of the covenant that God made with Abraham and his offspring and a seal of the righteousness that he had as a result of his faith in God. (Genesis 17:11; Romans 4:11) The sign and seal of this covenant has been replaced by two Sacraments in the Church: baptism (Colossians 2:11,12) and chrismation. (II Corinthians 1:21,22; I John 2:20,27; Revelation 7:3; 9:4) Baptism is the sign of the New Covenant instituted by Christ. Chrismation is the seal of the New Covenant.

Abraham was righteous before God before receiving the covenant of circumcision. (Genesis 15:6)

Lot and his household were Muslims.

So We brought out whoever was in the cities of the believers. And We found not within them other than a [single] house of Muslims. (Koran 51:35,36, Sahih International)

Lot and his family left Abraham and dwelt in the plain of Jordan. (Genesis 13:8-13) The covenant of circumcision was not given to Lot. He was most likely uncircumcised. However, he was a Muslim. In the New Testament, it says that “righteous Lot” “was oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked.” (II Peter 2:7)

Jacob and his children were Muslims.

When his Lord said to him, “Submit”, he said “I have submitted [in Islam] to the Lord of the worlds.” And Abraham instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so did] Jacob, [saying], “O my sons, indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims.” Or were you witnesses when death approached Jacob, when he said to his sons, “What will you worship after me?” They said, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac — one God. And we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Koran 2:131-133, Sahih International)

Jacob’s son Joseph called himself a Muslim.

My Lord, You have given me [something] of sovereignty and taught me of the interpretation of dreams. Creator of the heavens and earth, You are my protector in this world and in the Hereafter. Cause me to die a Muslim and join me with the righteous.” (Koran 12:101, Sahih International)

The ancient Israelites were Muslims.

And Moses said, “O my people, if you have believed in Allah, then rely upon Him, if you should be Muslims.” (Koran 10:84, Sahih International)

Pharaoh became a Muslim before he died in the Red Sea.

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, “I believe that there is no Deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims.” (Koran 10:90, Sahih International)

King Solomon and the people he governed were Muslims.

So when she arrived, it was said [to her], “Is your throne like this?” She said, “[It is] as though it was it.” [Solomon said], “And we were given knowledge before her, and we have been Muslims [in submission to Allah]. (Koran 27:42, Sahih International)

Jesus’ disciples were Muslims.

When Jesus found unbelief on their part He said: “Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah?” Said the disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: We believe in Allah, and do Thou bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Koran 3:52, Yusuf Ali)

“And behold! I inspired the disciples to have faith in Me and Mine Messenger: they said, ‘We have faith, and do Thou bear witness that we bow to Allah as Muslims.‘” (Koran 5:111, Yusuf Ali)

Jesus said:

Not everyone who says to Me, “Lord, Lord,” shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. (Matthew 7:21, NKJV)

St. James, the brother of Jesus, said:

Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. (James 4:7, NKJV)

This concept of doing the will of God and submitting to Him is found in the New  Testament. A Muslim is one who submits to God. That is the basic meaning of the Arabic word.

There are Jews and Christians, called in the Koran “People of the Scripture,” who are Muslims and they have never heard of or read the Koran before.

Those to whom We sent the Book before this, — they do believe in this (revelation): and when it is recited to them, they say: “We believe therein, for it is the Truth from our Lord: indeed we have been Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will) from before this. (Koran 28:52,53, Yusuf Ali)

The Koran teaches that some of the Jinn are Muslims. (Koran 72:1,8,13,14) So, a Muslim does not have to be a human being.

The Koran gives some characteristics which distinguish Muslims from non-Muslims. Muslims believe in one God. They are monotheists. In the Koran, it says:

Say: “O People of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with Him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back, say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will).” (Koran 3:64, Yusuf Ali)

There were many different Christian sects during the time of Muhammad in the seventh century. There were Tritheists, Maryamites, Nestorians, Arians, Sabellians, Bitheists, and other heretical sects. The Trinitarian monotheists were the Orthodox Christians. The words in this verse from the Koran are directed toward one of the heretical sects who acknowledged the existence of more than one god, like the Tritheists and the Bitheists, for example.

Those who worship others in addition to the one Triune God are idolaters and not Muslims.

Nor could he order you to take the angels and prophets as lords. Would he order you to disbelief after you had been Muslims? (Koran 3:80, Sahih International)

Asking angels and deceased prophets to pray for one is not idolatry. There is no more harm in asking for their prayers than to ask for the prayers of a living human. In the 21st Surah, it says:

Say, “It is only revealed to me that your God is but one God; so will you be Muslims [in submission to Him]?” (Koran 21:108, Sahih International)

Muhammad accepted the New Testament and all of the Old Testament books of the Orthodox Christians. (The Protestants adopted a smaller Old Testament canon in the 16th century. The larger canon was used during Muhammad’s time.) This verse from the 29th Surah provides evidence that Muhammad accepted the Bible and that there were monotheistic Christians in the seventh century.

And do not argue with the People of the Scripture except in a way that is best, except for those who commit injustice among them, and say, “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you. And our God and your God is one; and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Koran 29:46, Sahih International)

Muslims, not only believe in the existence of only one God, but also accept the Bible of Orthodox Christians as authoritative. Here is more evidence that Muslims are people who accept the Bible.

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Koran 2:136, Sahih International)

Say, “We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him.” (Koran 3:84, Sahih International)

You cannot guide the straying blind. You can make no one listen except those who believe in Our revelations and are Muslims. (Koran 30:53, Muhammad Sarwar)

[To whom Allah will say], “O My servants, no fear will there be concerning you this Day, nor will you grieve, [you] who believed in Our verses and were Muslims. (Koran 43:68,69, Sahih International)

Notice in Koran 43:68,69 that it God says, “My servants” and “Our verses.” This is more evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity in the Koran. One God, three Persons. All of the above cited verses also teach that Muslims accept the Koran. “We believe in that which has been revealed to us.” (Koran 29:46) “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us.” (Koran 2:136; 3:84) The revelations and verses mentioned in Koran 30:53 and Koran 43:69 include the Koran. Here is more evidence from the Koran that Muslims are those who accept the Koran.

If they will not respond to you, know that God has sent it with His knowledge and that He is the only God. Will you then become Muslims?” (Koran 11:14, Muhammad Sarwar)

One day We shall raise from all Peoples a witness against them, from amongst themselves: and We shall bring thee as a witness against these (thy people): and We have sent down to thee the Book explaining all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims. (Koran 16:89, Yusuf Ali)

Say, the Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from thy Lord in Truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as a Guide and Glad Tidings to Muslims. (Koran 16:102, Yusuf Ali)

And struggle for God as is His due, for He has chosen you, and has laid on you no impediment in your religion, being the creed of your father Abraham; He named you Muslims aforetime and in this, that the Messenger might be a witness against you, and that you might be witnesses against mankind. So perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and hold you fast to God; He is your Protector — an excellent Protector, an excellent Helper. (Koran 22:78, Arberry)

Of course, someone may already be a Muslim without ever having read the Koran. (Koran 28:52,53) Koran 22:78 says that God named people Muslims aforetime. That means that Jews and Orthodox Christians were Muslims before the revelation of the Koran.

Two Persons of the Deity are mentioned in Koran 16:102: the Holy Spirit and one other. The other Person could be either the Father or the Son. Look at these verses from St. John’s Gospel.

But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you. (John 14:26, NKJV)

But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me. (John 15:26, NKJV)

The Helper (in some translations, the Comforter) is the Holy Spirit. (John 14:26) The Helper is also called the Spirit of truth. (John 15:26) So, the Helper, the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit of truth are all different names for the Third Person of the Deity. Now look at this passage from the same Gospel.

However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you. All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you. (John 16:13-15, NKJV)

There are some imams and Islamic scholars who are teaching that the Holy Spirit is the Archangel Gabriel and the Spirit of Truth in the Gospel according to St. John is Muhammad. The Holy Spirit, also called the Spirit of Truth or the Helper, is the Third Person of the Deity. What the imams and Islamic scholars are teaching is not true.

Jesus said that the Holy Spirit “will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.” The Koran says that “the Holy Spirit has brought the revelation from thy Lord in truth.” (Koran 16:102)

Some other characteristics of a Muslim are that he invites others to come to God.

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.” (Koran 41:33, Sahih International)

That above-mentioned verse also says that he does righteousness. These verses also teach that Muslims live righteously.

Indeed, for the righteous with their Lord are the Gardens of Pleasure. Then will We treat the Muslims like the criminals? (Koran 68:34,35, Sahih International)

A Muslim repents whenever he sins.

We have advised the human being to be kind to his parents; his mother bore him with hardship and delivered him while suffering a great deal of pain. The period in which his mother bore and weaned him lasted for thirty months. When he grew-up to manhood and became forty years old, he then said, “Lord, inspire me to give You thanks for the bounties You have granted to me and my parents, and to act righteously to please You. Lord, make my offspring virtuous. Lord I turn to you in repentance; I am a Muslim.” (Koran 46:15, Muhammad Sarwar)

This verse from the 33rd Surah contains more qualities of a Muslim.

For Muslim men and women, — for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, — for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward. (Koran 33:35, Yusuf Ali)

Now, I will talk about what the Koran says about Islam.

Islam is derived from a tri-literal root s-l-m. Salaam means peace in Arabic, that is, the absence of conflict. Islam means submission. Islam is submission to God that results in peace with God. In the Third Surah, it says:

In the sight of God Islam is the religion. The People of the Book created differences in the matters (of religion) because of their hostility among themselves, only after knowledge had come to them. Let whoever denies the revelations of God know that the reckoning of God is swift. (Koran 3:19, Muhammad Sarwar)

One who has adopted the Koranic version of Islam has surrendered his will to do God’s will. Jesus told us we must do that. (Matthew 7:21) If we do not agree to do God’s will, then we will not inherit the Kingdom of God. The Koranic version of Islam also demands that we accept and believe all of God’s revelations — the Bible and the Koran. The Koran confirms the Bible. It does not contradict it.

To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety. (Koran 5:48, Yusuf Ali)

Muhammad did not receive any new revelations from God.

Nothing has been said to you which was not said to the Messengers who lived before you. Your Lord is certainly All-forgiving, but stern in His retribution. (Koran 41:43, Muhammad Sarwar)

Muhammad was not an innovation among the messengers of God.

Say: “I am not an innovation among the Messengers, and I know not what shall be done with me or with you. I only follow what is revealed to me; I am only a clear warner.” (Koran 46:9, Arberry)

So, there should be no problem with a Christian accepting the Koran. There are mistranslations of the Koran. I have already demonstrated that in  previous blogs. One example is translating the Arabic word which means “three” as Trinity in Koran 4:171. Many of the non-Christian translators have rendered their interpretation of the Koran thinking that they are refuting Christians. They do not understand any of the basic doctrines of Christianity, such as the Trinity and the two natures of Christ. I accept the Koran, but not the mistranslations of it. I believe that the Koran teaches Trinitarian monotheism.

Elsewhere in the Third Surah, it says:

If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All spiritual good). (Koran 3:85, Yusuf Ali)

Islam is merely submitting to the will of God like Jesus taught. Remember St. James the brother of Jesus said: “Submit to God.” (James 4:7) Jesus also said:

But why do you call Me “Lord, Lord,” and not do the things which I say? (Luke 6:46, NKJV)

Much of what one sees being practiced by modern Muslims is derived from the Sunnah — that massive collection of hearsay. Muhammad was not an innovation among the messengers. He received no new revelations. (Koran 41:43; 46:9) The Sunnah contains a lot of innovations and novel teachings. Much of the Sunnah contradicts the Bible and the Koran. I have already illustrated how it contradicts those Holy Books in previous blogs.

The religion of Islam also demands that we observe the dietary laws. There are some foods that are haraam, that is, forbidden.

Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, and the strangled (animal) and that beaten to death, and that killed by a fall and that killed by being smitten with the horn, and that which wild beasts have eaten, except what you slaughter, and what is sacrificed on stones set up (for idols) and that you divide by the arrows; that is a transgression. This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion; but whoever is compelled by hunger, not inclining willfully to sin, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Koran 5:3, Shakir)

These dietary restrictions are virtually identical to those in the New Testament. (See Acts 15:28,29.) The only difference is the addition of the requirement to abstain from pork. I believe that the reason this requirement was given was so that the Muslims would not offend the Jews living in Mecca. They were obeying St. Paul’s instructions in I Corinthians 10:32,33. The first generation Muslims believed all of the Scripture. (Koran 3:119)

God makes it possible for someone to accept Islam, that is, surrender his will to do God’s will.

Whomsoever God desires to guide, He expands his breast to Islam; whomsoever He desires to lead astray, He makes his breast narrow, tight, as if he were climbing to heaven. So God lays abomination upon those who believe not. (Koran 6:125, Arberry)

St. Paul said:

Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure. (Philippians 2:12,13, NKJV)

God works in us to do His will. We must cooperate with Him and submit.

So, Muslims are people who have surrendered their wills to do God’s will. They believe the Bible and the Koran. Someone can be a Muslim without ever having read the Koran though. (Koran 28:52,53) They accept the New Testament dietary laws in Acts 15:28,29. They abstain from pork if necessary in order not to offend Jews. They do righteousness and repent. They acknowledge the existence of only one God and worship and serve Him only. They invite others to come to God and submit to Him. The concept of submitting to God in order to do His will is taught in the Bible. Both the Koran and the Bible agree that those who refuse to submit to God and do His will will not inherit the Kingdom of God and enter Paradise. (Matthew 7:21; Koran 3:85) All of the novelties practiced by modern Muslims today come from the Sunnah and not from the Koran. Muhammad received no new revelations from God was not an innovation among the messengers of God. There were Muslims in Old Testament times. Noah, Abraham, Lot, Isaac, Ishmael, Moses, and King Solomon are examples of Old Testament Muslims. They surrendered their wills to do God’s will. Jesus’ disciples were also Muslims. They followed Jesus’ teachings. Jesus said that we must do the will of His Father in order to inherit the Kingdom of God. They did that. (Matthew 7:21)

 

 

 

 

 

The Trinity in the Koran

June 27, 2017 1 comment

I am a Trinitarian monotheist. I worship one God who exists in three hypostases. I have been reading the Koran for the past two or three years and studying it. I see the Trinity all throughout the Koran. There is even a “mathematical miracle” in the Koran which suggests that God is Triune. In this blog post, I want to talk more about the Trinity in the Koran. I have already talked about this subject in previous blogs.

The Mathematical Miracle

I went to corpus.quran.com on the internet and I discovered something fascinating about the number of times the Arabic word for three. It occurs 21 times in the Koran. 21 is 3 times 7. Seven is the number which symbolically represents perfection or completion. Three symbolically represents the Trinity. Each Person of the Trinity is totally and completely God, but is distinct from the other Two.  The mystery of the Trinity is that three wholes make one whole. 1 + 1 + 1 = 1. So, this number, 21 being three sevens, represents symbolically the Trinity.

Here are all of the places in the Koran where the number “three” occurs. Classical Arabic is inflected more than English. So, there are more forms for nouns and adjectives than in English.

nom. masc. thalāthu 24:58
nom. masc. indef. thalāthun (no occurrence)
nom. fem. thalāthatu 65:4
nom. fem. indef. thalāthatun 4:171; 18:22
acc. masc. thalātha 4:3; 18:25; 19:10; 24:58; 35:1
acc. masc. indef. thalāthan (no occurrence)
acc. fem. thalāthata 2:228; 3:41; 11:65
acc. fem. indef. thalāthatan 56:7
gen. masc. thalāthi 77:30
gen. masc. indef. thalāthin 39:6
gen. fem. thalāthati 2:196; 3:124; 5:89; 9:118
gen. fem. indef. thalāthatin 5:73; 58:7

The nominative masculine indefinite and accusative masculine indefinite forms of the Arabic word for “three” do not appear in the Koran.

Faulty Knowledge of Islamic Scholars

The vast majority of Islamic scholars and imams misunderstand the doctrine of the Trinity. (There are Christian preachers who also do not seem to understand the doctrine very well, too.) This misunderstanding is clearly shown by some of the English interpretations of the Koran. Here are some examples of what I am saying. Koran 4:171 has been interpreted (not translated) in these ways.

O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say not “Trinity”: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. (Koran 4:171, Yusuf Ali)

People of the Book, do not exceed the limits of devotion in your religion or say anything about God which is not the Truth. Jesus, son of Mary, is only a Messenger of God, His Word, and a spirit from Him whom He conveyed to Mary. So have faith in God and His Messengers. Do not say that there are three gods. It is better for you to stop believing in the Trinity. There is only One God. He is too glorious to give birth to a son. To God belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. God alone is a Sufficient Guardian for all. (Koran 4:171, Muhammad Sarwar)

O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All­-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. (Koran 4:171, Mohsin Khan)

O People of the Book! Do not go to extremes regarding your faith; say nothing about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was no more than a messenger of Allah and the fulfilment of His Word through Mary and a spirit ˹created by a command˺ from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers and do not say, “Trinity.” Stop! — for your own good. Allah is only One God. Glory be to Him! He is far above having a son! To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And Allah is sufficient as a Trustee of Affairs. (Koran 4:171, Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran)

People of the Book! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, and attribute to Allah nothing except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only a Messenger of Allah, and His command that He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him (which led to Mary’s conception). So believe in Allah and in His Messengers, and do not say: (Allah is a) trinity. Give up this assertion; it would be better for you. Allah is indeed just one God. Far be it from His glory that He should have a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth. Allah is sufficient for a guardian. (Koran 4:171, Abul Ala Maududi)

People of the Book, do not go to excess in your religion, and do not say anything about God except the truth: the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was nothing more than a messenger of God, His word, directed to Mary, a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His messengers and do not speak of a ‘Trinity’- stop [this], that is better for you- God is only one God, He is far above having a son, everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him and He is the best one to trust. (Koran 4:171, Abdul Haleem)

Any Christian who picks up a copy of one of these English versions of  the Koran and reads this verse would be immediately turned off. All of the translators have mistranslated, or rather misinterpreted, this verse. The Arabic word translated Trinity in this verse is thalāthatun. It is the nominative feminine indefinite form of the Arabic word for “three.” This form of the Arabic word for “three” occurs in one other place in the Koran: Koran 18:22.

Here is Yusuf Ali’s translation of Koran 18:22. Notice that he did not translate thalāthatun as Trinity as he did in Koran 4:171.

(Some) say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, – doubtfully guessing at the unknown; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say thou: “My Lord knoweth best their number; It is but few that know their (real case).” Enter not, therefore, into controversies concerning them, except on a matter that is clear, nor consult any of them about (the affair of) the Sleepers. (Koran 18:22, Yusuf Ali)

Koran 4:171 is talking about the heresy of Tritheism. John Philoponus and couple of deposed Orthodox Christian bishops taught this heresy in the sixth century.

Orthodox Christians do not worship three gods. They worship only one God. The first words of the Nicaeno-Constantinopolitan Creed are: “We believe in one God.”

Another mistranslation in Koran 4:171 is the words:

Subḥanahu an yakuna lahu waladun.

Subḥanahu means “Glory be to Him.” An yakuna means “that He should be.” Lahu means “for Him.” Waladun means “begotten Child” or “begotten Son.” Yusuf Ali translated these words: “Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son.” Muhammad Sarwar translated the words: “He is too glorious to give birth to a son.” The other translators rendered these words similarly. Arberry, who was not a Muslim, translated these words: “Glory be to Him — that He should have a Son!”

Of course, we Christians do not believe that God sexually begot a Son. The term “being begotten” should not be interpreted literally. It is an expression used in the Bible for the procession of the Son from the Father.

We believe that the Father has no origin and no beginning. We believe that the Son (also called the Word) has an origin but no beginning. Likewise, we believe that the Holy Spirit has an origin but no beginning.

All three Persons of the Trinity share the same essence. In the Divine Liturgy, we sing: “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit: the Trinity one in essence and undivided.” By essence, I am talking about the substance of which God consists. There are many different substances in the universe. Plastic, iron, water, oxygen, and wood are examples of substances. The substance of which God consists is unknown and in fact unknowable. Created substances are knowable. The uncreated substance of God is unknowable.

I remember all of the hype about discovering the so-called “God particle” by physicists. Well, any particle of matter that the scientists discover is not the divine essence. It is impossible to design a scientific experiment which will lead to the discovery of the divine essence.

Another example of a mistranslation of the Arabic is in this verse translated by Yusuf Ali.

It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! when He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be”, and it is. (Koran 19:35, Yusuf Ali)

The word translated “beget” in this verse is yattakhida. It means “He should take.” This verse is talking about the adoptionist heresy taught by the Paulinianists and the Nestorians. Orthodox Christians do not believe the adoptionist heresy. I have already explained what we mean when we say that the Father begot the Son. It is theological language which should not be interpreted literally.

A Mystery

One thing we cannot do is explain everything. No matter how much we learn there will always be something that we do not know. In the Bible, it says:

The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the things that are revealed belong to us and to our children for ever, to do all the words of this law. (Deuteronomy 29:29, LXX)

God reveals things to us through His prophets, but He does not tell us everything. There are still those “secret things” which belong only to the Lord our God. The Koran teaches the same thing.

To Allah do belong the unseen (secrets) of the heavens and the earth, and to Him goeth back every affair (for decision): then worship Him, and put thy trust in Him: and thy Lord is not unmindful of aught that ye do. (Koran 11:123, Yusuf Ali)

Muhammad did not even claim to know everything.

I tell you not that with me are the treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor claim I to be an angel. Nor yet do I say, of those whom your eyes do despise that Allah will not grant them (all) that is good: Allah knoweth best what is in their souls: I should, if I did, indeed be a wrong-doer. (Koran 11:31, Yusuf Ali)

It also says in the Koran that we cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except that which He allows.

Allah is He besides Whom there is no god, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist; slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He pleases, His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not, and He is the Most High, the Great. (Koran 2:255, Shakir)

God is incomprehensible. Furthermore, His words are inexhaustible.

If all the trees in the earth were pens and the ocean, with seven more oceans, were ink still these could not suffice to record all the words of God. God is Majestic and All-wise. (Koran 31:27, Muhammad Sarwar)

There will always be something else that we can learn from God. We will never know God completely.

So, whenever we Orthodox Christians speak about the Trinity we are talking about a mystery. How can three wholes be one whole? How can 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 when speaking about the Trinity is a mystery.

The Transcendent Hyperdimensionality of God

God is personal. He is knowable, although His essence is unknowable. God is also transcendent. He transcends time and space. In the Church’s hymns He is said to be pre-eternal as well as eternal

Hyperdimensionality is the quality of have more than three dimensions. We are aware of three dimensions: height, width, and depth. Scientists and mathematicians have hypothesized the existence of more than three dimensions. The tessaract, for example is a four dimensional object.

“God is love.” (I John 4:8) There is a passage in St. Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians which teaches the hyperdimensionality of God’s love.

For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, from whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named, that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with might through His Spirit in the inner man, that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the width and length and depth and height — to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge; that you may be filled with all the fullness of God. (Ephesians 3:14-19, NKJV)

We should not think that God is three dimensional. He may very well be infinitely dimensional.

Back now to the subject of God’s essence. If it were possible to divide the divine essence into infinitesimal particles, each particle would belong to all three Persons of the Deity. Perhaps, each infinitesimal particle possesses infinite dimensionality. This concept further compounds the mystery of the Deity.

We cannot even begin to understand how a four dimensional object would function. An infinite dimensional being would be far beyond our abilities to comprehend.

Divine Permeation

God “fills all in all.” (Ephesians 1:23) The Divine Essence permeates everything, even our souls and bodies. So, we should have no trouble believing that the Divine Essence permeated Jesus’ soul and body. However, the Divine Essence does not only permeate His soul and body, but also belongs to Him, just as it belongs to the Father and the Spirit. The Divine Essence does not belong to me or you, but it does belong to Him. Jesus said:

All things that the Father has are Mine. (John 16:15, NKJV)

He also said:

I and My Father are one. (John 10:30, NKJV)

We do not believe that Jesus is a hybrid of God and man in the same way that a mule is a hybrid of a horse and a donkey. The divine nature of Jesus is uncreated. The human nature of Jesus is created. The divine nature of Jesus permeates His human nature.

In Koran 4:171 it says:

O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allah save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His Word which He conveyed [literally, cast] unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. (Koran 4:171, Pickthall)

In this verse, the divine and human natures of Jesus can be seen. As a human, He is the son of Mary and “only a messenger of Allah.” As God, He is Allah’s Word which He cast to Mary.

Actually, the Word of Allah already permeated Mary’s body and soul and He permeates every created thing in the universe and beyond. So, the casting of His Word to Mary is an activity of the Deity — another mystery.

Jesus told His disciples:

He who receives you receives Me, and He who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. (Matthew 10:40, NKJV)

St. John the Theologian was one of Jesus’ twelve apostles. (Matthew 10:2) He was also a Muslim. (Koran 3:52) He wrote:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. (John 1:1-3, NKJV)

And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14, NKJV)

The Koran says:

Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah hath revealed therein. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are evil-livers. (Koran 5:47, Pickthall)

and:

If only they had stood fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that was sent to them from their Lord, they would have enjoyed happiness from every side. There is from among them a party on the right course: but many of them follow a course that is evil. (Koran 5:66, Yusuf Ali)

The Koran requires that we believe the words of St. John the Theologian regarding Jesus. Jesus is the incarnate Word of Allah. The Word of Allah is Allah. All three Persons of the Trinity possess the same essence. They are one God, but three distinct Persons.

Jesus is not a partner with Allah. He is Allah. The Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit are Allah, but only the Word is Jesus. The Father and the Holy Spirit are not Jesus. Two heresies are condemned in this passage of the Koran. The first heresy is the Sabellian heresy. The Sabellians taught that the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit are Jesus.

They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. The Messiah (Himself) said: O Children of Israel, worship Allah, My Lord and your Lord. (Koran 5:72, Pickthall)

Each Person of the Trinity is Allah. Therefore, it is fitting for one Person of the Trinity to call another Person of the Trinity Allah. Each Person is worthy of worship as God. There is only one God. 1 + 1 + 1 = 1. That is the Trinity math equation.

The second heresy is the Tritheist heresy. The Tritheists taught that the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit are three different gods which do not share the same essence.

Lo! whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden paradise. His abode is the Fire. For evil-doers there will be no helpers. They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the third of three; when there is no God save the One God. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve. (Koran 5:72,73, Pickthall)

Jesus, if you remember, said, “I and My Father are one.” (John 10:30)

Some Koranic Proofs of the Trinitarian Dogma

In the 90th Surah, there is proof that God is a Trinity. It says:

Nay! I swear by this city. And you shall be made free from obligation in this city — and the begetter and whom He begot. Certainly We have created man to be in distress. (Koran 90:1-4, Shakir)

Muhammad followed the Koran. (Koran 6:50; 7:203; 10:15; 46:9) The Koran prohibits the swearing of oaths.

And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if you ordered them, they would go forth [in Allah ‘s cause]. Say, “Do not swear. [Such] obedience is known. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with that which you do.” (Koran 24:53, Sahih International)

He also accepted the Scriptures of the Christians.

And do not argue with the People of the Scripture except in a way that is best, except for those who commit injustice among them, and say, “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you. And our God and your God is one; and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Koran 29:46, Sahih International)

Unto this, then, summon (O Muhammad). And be thou upright as thou art commanded, and follow not their lusts, but say: I believe in whatever Scripture Allah hath sent down, and I am commanded to be just among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. Unto us our works and unto you your works; no argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and unto Him is the journeying. (Koran 42:15, Pickthall)

Jesus told us not to swear oaths.

“Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.’  But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.” (Matthew 5:33-37, NKJV)

Therefore, because Muhammad followed the Koran and the Scriptures of the Christians, he did not swear any oaths. The One swearing by the city in the passage from Koran 90 is the Holy Spirit. He swears by the New Jerusalem, the Father (the begetter), and the Son (the One whom the Father begot). The Holy Spirit says, “We [the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit] created man in distress.”

In the Koran, it teaches that Jesus is Allah.

O ye who believe! Be Allah’s helpers, even as Jesus Son of Mary said unto the disciples: Who are My helpers for Allah? They said: We are Allah’s helpers. (Koran 61:14, Pickthall)

Notice that Jesus’ disciples did not say, “We are Your helpers for Allah.” They said, “We are Allah’s helpers.” Jesus’ question was, “Who are My helpers for Allah?” The disciples called Jesus Allah.

In the 19th Surah, it says:

He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And (it will be) that We may make of Him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us, and it is a thing ordained. (Koran 19:21, Pickthall)

Here, all three Persons of the Trinity are mentioned. In Arabic, there are dual and plural number second person and third person pronouns. There is no dual number first person pronoun. The plural form of the first person pronoun serves also as the dual number form. So, the pronouns we and us can refer to two or more persons. In the above cited text, We and Us refer to the Father and the Holy Spirit. Jesus is a “revelation for mankind.” He is the incarnate Word of Allah. He is a mercy from the Father and the Holy Spirit. Both the Father and the Holy Spirit sent Him. (See Isaiah 48:16; John 3:17; 5:37.)

Of course, as God Jesus was already present in this world. The sending of the Son by the Father and the Holy Spirit is an activity of the Deity — another mystery.

Abraham Petitions Allah

The Torah is a light and guidance for mankind. (Koran 6:91,92) In the Torah, there is a theophany — a manifestation of God. God reveals Himself to Abraham as three men or angels.

And God appeared to him by the oak of Mambre, as he sat by the door of his tent at noon. And he lifted up his eyes and beheld, and lo! three men stood before him; and having seen them he ran to meet them from the door of his tent, and did obeisance to the ground. And he said, Lord, if indeed I have found grace in Thy sight, pass not by Thy servant. Let water now be brought, and let them wash Your feet, and do Ye refresh Yourselves under the tree. And I will bring bread, and Ye shall eat, and after this Ye shall depart on Your journey, on account of which refreshment Ye have turned aside to Your servant. And he said, So do, as thou hast said. (Genesis 18:1-5, LXX)

Notice that Abraham spoke to all three as if they were one.

Although God manifested Himself as those three men or angels, He is omnipresent. After the men departed, Abraham still stood in the presence of the Lord. He petitioned God not to destroy the whole  city if ten righteous were present in the city.

And the men having departed thence, came to Sodom; and Abraam was still standing before the Lord. And Abraam drew nigh and said, Wouldest Thou destroy the righteous with the wicked, and shall the righteous be as the wicked? Should there be fifty righteous in the city, wilt Thou destroy them? Wilt Thou not spare the whole place for the sake of the fifty righteous, if they be in it? By no means shalt Thou do as this thing is so as to destroy the righteous with the wicked, so the righteous shall be as the wicked: by no means. Thou that judgest the whole earth, shalt Thou not do right? And the Lord said, If there should be in Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole city, and the whole place for their sakes. And Abraam answered and said, Now I have begun to speak to my Lord, and I am earth and ashes. But if the fifty righteous should be diminished to forty-five, wilt Thou destroy the whole city because of the five wanting? And He said, I will not destroy it, if I should find there forty-five. And he continued to speak to Him still, and said, But if there should be found there forty? And He said, I will not destroy it for the forty’s sake. And he said, Will there be anything against me, Lord, if I shall speak? But if there be found there thirty? And He said, I will not destroy it for the thirty’s sake. And he said, Since I am able to speak to the Lord, what if there should be found there twenty? And He said, I will not destroy it, if I should find there twenty. And he said, Will there be anything against me, Lord, if I speak yet once? But if there should be found there ten? And He said, I will not destroy it for the ten’s sake. And the Lord departed, when He left off speaking to Abraam, and Abraam returned to his place. (Genesis 18:22-33, LXX)

God spared Lot and his two daughters. Lot’s wife would have been spared if she had not looked back at the city. (See Genesis 19:15-22.)

In the Koran, it says:

And when the awe departed from Abraham, and the glad news reached him, he pleaded with Us on behalf of the folk of Lot. (Koran 11:74, Pickthall)

Here is evidence of the Trinity. It says that Abraham pleaded with Us (that is, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) on behalf of the folk of Lot. Remember the theophany in the Torah — three angels, one for each Person of the Trinity.

So, the Koran teaches the Trinitarian dogma of Orthodox Christians. It does not teach the heresies of the Sabellians and the Tritheists. It does not teach the adoptionist heresy of the Nestorians and Paulinianists.