Posts Tagged ‘Koran’

Months and Years in the Koran

March 18, 2018 Leave a comment

This is another blog about the mathematical wonders of the Koran. I am going to illustrate some interesting details regarding the occurrences of the Arabic words for month and year in the Muslims’ holy book.

The Arabic word for month occurs seven times in the plural.

Nominative Plural Indefinite

ashhurun 2:197

Nominative Plural Definite

al-ashhuru 9:5

Genitive Plural Indefinite

ashhurin 2:226; 2:234; 9:2; 65:4

Genitive Plural Definite

al-shuhūri 9:36

The Arabic word for month occurs twice in the Koran in the genitive dual.

shahrayni 4:92; 58:4

The Arabic word for month occurs twelve times in the singular in the Koran.

Nominative Singular Indefinite

shahrun 34:12 (twice in this verse)

Nominative Singular Definite

shahru 2:185

al-shahru 2:194 (the definite article + shahru)

Accusative Singular Indefinite

shahran 9:36; 46:15

Accusative Singular Definite

al-shahra 2:185; 5:2 (the definite article + shahra)

wal-shahra 5:97 (the conjunction wa + the definite article + shahra)

Genitive Singular Indefinite

shahrin 97:3

Genitive Singular Definite

bil-shahri 2:194 (the preposition bi + the definite article + shahri)

al-shahri 2:217 (the definite article + shahri)

In Arabic, the singular form of a noun is used with numbers. We say in English five boxes. In Arabic, it would be five box, but using Arabic words of course.

The Arabic word for month occurs 12 times in the singular in the Koran. There are twelve months in the year. It occurs 7 times in the plural and 2 times in the dual. 12 + 7+ 2 = 21. It occurs 19 times in the singular and plural. 12 + 7 = 19. See$hr#(2:185:1).

The Arabic word for year occurs 12 times in the genitive plural and 7 times in the singular indefinite. 12 + 7 = 19

Genitive Plural Definite

bil-sinīna 7:130 (the preposition bi + the definite article + sinīna)

al-sinīna 10:5; 17:12 (the definite article + sinīna)

sinīna 12:42,47; 18:11,25; 20:40; 23:112; 26:18,205; 30:4

Accusative Singular Indefinite

sanatan 5:26; 46:15

Genitive Singular Indefinite

sanatin 2:96; 22:47; 29:14; 32:5; 70:4


So, the Arabic word for month occurs 21 times in all of its forms in the Koran and the Arabic word for year occurs 19 times in all of its forms.  The Arabic word for month occurs twice in the dual. The Arabic word for month occurs 12 times in the singular in the Koran and the Arabic word for year occurs 12 times in the plural. There are twelve months in the year. The Arabic word for month occurs 7 times in the plural and the Arabic word for year occurs 7 times in the singular.

The number of months, according to God, is twelve months — in the decree of God — since the Day He created the heavens and the earth, of which four are sacred. (Koran 9:36; ITANI)

Then after that will come seven hard years which will devour all that ye have prepared for them, save a little of that which ye have stored. (Koran 12:48, Pickthall)





Have You Been Deceived?

February 25, 2018 Leave a comment

Our society tends to promote some things that are spiritually harmful and result in our society becoming more decadent. One of the things that is promoted in TV shows and movies is sexual immorality. Fornication is portrayed as something normal and acceptable. People become brainwashed by the media and the messages generated through TV shows and the media into accepting something that is spiritually detrimental — sexual immorality.

I watch some shows on Netflix and see this subtle promotion of sexual immorality. I like to watch the shows to see how the protagonists win in the end, but I do not like the promotion of sin.

Superheroes, like Supergirl, the Flash, and Arrow, fornicate with unmarried partners. They are heroes. If heroes can fornicate, then it is OK for anyone else who is not married to fornicate, too. That is the subtle message being transmitted. Children watch such shows and end up believing the lie which is being communicated through the show’s plot.

In Orthodox Christian theology, sin is viewed as a subtraction from one’s humanity and not an addition to it. Therefore, the superheroes who fornicate are less human. The Flash is less of a man when he fornicates with a woman police detective. Arrow is less than a man when he fornicates with Shadow, Sarah, Laurel, and the Huntress. Supergirl is not from this world, but the moral standard still applies and even she loses some of her supergirlness when she fornicates with Mon-El.

St. Paul wrote two letters to the Christians in Corinth in the first century. He told the Corinthian Christians in his First Epistle:

Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. (I Corinthians 6:9,10, NKJV)

Notice that fornicators and adulterers are among those whom he mentions as not inheriting the kingdom of God. These are people who have sex with someone who is not their spouse. In other words, they have sex out of wedlock.

The Koran, likewise, teaches that people who practice sexual immorality will go to Hell and not Paradise. In Surah 17, it says:

And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. (Koran 17:32, Sahih International)

Satan enjoins sexual immorality. Those who practice sexual immorality are following the footsteps of the devil.

O you who have believed, do not follow the footsteps of Satan. And whoever follows the footsteps of Satan — indeed, he enjoins immorality and wrongdoing. (Koran 24:21, Sahih International)

Satan summons people to Hell.

Lo! the devil is an enemy for you, so treat him as an enemy. He only summoneth his faction to be owners of the flaming Fire. (Koran 35:6, Pickthall)

Satan deceives them.

Satan promiseth them only to deceive. (Koran 17:64, Pickthall)

Therefore, those who practice fornication and adultery are  deceived. Once again the Koran confirms the teachings of the Bible. (Koran 5:48)

So, just because the media and the movie-makers say in subtle ways that fornication and adultery are OK, does not mean that sexual immorality is OK. Do not be deceived.

Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil. (Exodus 23:2, KJV)

Just because everyone else is practicing sexual immorality, does not mean that you should do it, too. Most people in the world are going to Hell.

Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it. (Matthew 7:13,14, NKJV)

If most of the people in the world are following Satan into Hell, that does not mean that you should do the same? If you are practicing sexual immorality, ask yourself, “Have I been deceived?”


Chromosomes and the Koran

February 5, 2018 Leave a comment

Human beings have 46 chromosomes. When a man and woman procreate together, the man contributes 23 chromosomes to their child and the woman contributes 23 chromosomes to the child as well. There are some interesting mathematical wonders pertaining to the number 46 in the Koran.

The title of Surah 76 in the Koran is “The Human.” In Arabic, it is Al-Insān. Here are all of the places where this Arabic word occurs in the Koran.

     2:60 unāsin (indefinite genitive plural)
1)  4:28 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
     7:82 unāsun (indefinite nominative plural)
     7:160 unāsin (indefinite genitive plural)
2) 10:12 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
3) 11:9 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
4) 12:5 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
5) 14:34 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
6) 15:26 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
7) 16:4 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
8) 17:11 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
9) 17:11 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
    17:13 insānin (indefinite genitive singular)
10) 17:53 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
11) 17:67 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
      17:71 unāsin (indefinite genitive plural)
12) 17:83 al-insāni (definite genitive singular)
13) 17:100 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
14) 18:54 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
15) 19:66 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
16) 19:67 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
17) 21:37 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
18) 22:66 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
19) 23:12 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
20) 25:29 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
      25:49 wa-anāsiyya (definite accusative plural prefixed by the conjunction, wa)
      27:56 unāsun (indefinite nominative plural)
21) 29:8 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
22) 31:14 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
23) 32:7 al-insāni (definite genitive singular)
24) 33:72 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
25) 36:77 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
26) 39:8 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
27) 39:49 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
28) 41:49 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
29) 41:51 al-insāni (definite genitive singular)
30) 42:48 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
31) 42:48 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
32) 43:15 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
33) 46:15 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
34) 50:16 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
35) 53:24 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
36) 53:39 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
37) 55:3 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
38) 55:14 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
39) 59:16 lil’insāni (definite genitive singular prefixed by the preposition, lām)
40) 70:19 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
41) 75:3 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
42) 75:5 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
43) 75:10 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
44) 75:13 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
45) 75:14 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
46) 75:36 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
47) 76:1 al-insāni (definite genitive singular)
48) 76:2 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
49) 79:35 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
50) 80:17 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
51) 80:24 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
52) 82:6 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
53) 84:6 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
54) 86:5 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
55) 89:15 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
56) 89:23 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
57) 90:4 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
58) 95:4 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
59) 96:2 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
60) 96:5 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
61) 96:6 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
62) 99:3 al-insānu (definite nominative singular)
63) 100:6 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)
64) 103:2 al-insāna (definite accusative singular)


The definite singular of this word occurs 46 times before Surah 76 – The Human. The 46th verse in the Koran to contain the definite singular of this word is Koran 76:1. (It occurs twice in Koran 17:11.) This word occurs 64 times in the definite singular and once in the indefinite singular (Koran 17:13). So, in the singular form this word occurs 65 times in the Koran. 65 is the 46th composite number. (Composite numbers are numbers divisible by numbers other than themselves. Prime numbers are divisible only by themselves and 1.) Here are the composite numbers up to 65. I grouped them in fives. You can count them.


If you add the numbers of all of the chapters preceding Surah 76 which have the definite singular form of this word, you will get 961.

4 + 10 + 11 + 12 + 14 + 15 + 16 + 17+ 18 + 19 + 21 + 22 + 23 + 25 +  29 = 256
31 + 32 + 33 + 36 + 39 + 41 + 42 + 43 + 46 + 50 + 53 + 55 + 59 = 560
70 + 75 = 145

256 + 560 + 145 = 961

961 = 31 x 31

46 is the 31st composite number.

The haploid chromosome number of humans is 23 — the number contributed by each parent in procreation. The 23rd occurrence of the singular form of this Arabic word is in Koran 31:14. (Count the occurrence in Koran 17:13 where it occurs in the indefinite singular.) Remember that 46 is the 31st composite number. The 23rd occurrence of the singular form is in the 31st chapter of the Koran.

If you count all of the occurrences of this word in all of its forms, you will get 71. 71 is the 36th odd number. 36 = 6 x 6. According to Genesis, God created man on the sixth day. (Genesis 1:26-31)

These are just a few interesting mathematical wonders in the Koran.


Why Pray?

December 24, 2017 Leave a comment

God does not need us, but we need Him. God created us to be loved by Him. He created us for Himself. He created us to glorify Him. Prayer is one of the activities that we need to engage in. Prayer, however, is for our own spiritual benefit and not for God who needs nothing at all from us. I am going to discourse on the reasons and purposes for prayer in this blog post.

In the Psalms, it says:

I will take no bullocks out of thine house, nor he-goats out of thy flocks. For all the wild beasts of the thicket are Mine, the cattle on the mountains, and oxen. I know all the birds of the sky; and the beauty of the field is Mine. If I should be hungry, I will not tell thee: for the world is Mine, and the fullness of it. Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? (Psalm 49:9-13; Psalm 50:9-13, Hebrew)

Animal sacrifices were part of ancient Jewish worship. This passage from the Psalms in effect says that God does not need those sacrifices. God does not need worship from anyone. The Koran, in several places, says that God is All-Sufficient.

As for the unbeliever, God is All-sufficient nor needs any being. (Koran 3:97, Arberry)

Whosoever struggles, struggles only to his own gain; surely God is All-sufficient nor needs any being. (Koran 29:6, Arberry)

Indeed, We gave Lokman wisdom: ‘Give thanks to God. Whosoever gives thanks gives thanks only for his own soul’s good, and whosoever is ungrateful — surely God is All-sufficient, All-laudable.’ (Koran 31:12, Arberry)

To God belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth; surely God — He is the All-sufficient, the All-laudable. (Koran 31:26, Arberry)

O men, you are the ones that have need of God; He is the All-sufficient, the All-laudable. (Koran 35:15, Arberry)

God is the All-sufficient; you are the needy ones. (Koran 47:38, Arberry)

Although God does not need us, He still loves us. He created us to be loved by Him. He never created anything to be hated.

For Thou lovest all the things that are, and abhorrest nothing which Thou hast made: for never wouldest Thou have made any thing, if Thou hadst hated it. (Wisdom 11:24, KJV)

God created everything for Himself. (Colossians 1:16) God established everything for His glory. He created us to glorify Him.

The Lord hath not given power to the saints to declare all His marvellous works, which the Almighty Lord firmly settled, that whatsoever is might be established for His glory. (Sirach 42:17, KJV)

Even all who are called by My name: for I have prepared him for My glory, and I have formed him, and have made him. (Isaiah 43:7, LXX)

The chief goal for which we should strive in all of our actions is to glorify God.

Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. (I Corinthians 10:31, NKJV)

One of the purposes for prayer, therefore, is to glorify God.

In the 49th Psalm, it says:

The sacrifice of praise will glorify Me: and that is the way wherein I will shew to him the salvation of God. (Psalm 49:23, LXX; Psalm 50:23, Hebrew)

Sincere worship glorifies God. Jesus said:

By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples. (John 15:8, NKJV. See also Philippians 1:11.)

Fruit, in the Bible, is offspring (Psalm 126:3, LXX; Psalm 127:3, Hebrew) and new converts (John 4:34-38).  Fruit is also the qualities that God produces in us as we continue to cooperate with Him in our salvation.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. (Galatians 5:22,23, NKJV)

For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. (Romans 8:14, NKJV)

Fruit is good works. (II Corinthians 9:10; Colossians 1:10) So, one of the purposes of prayer is to become people who glorify God by manifesting in our lives those qualities enumerated in Galatians 5:22,23. Another purpose of prayer is to obtain from God mercy to help those who do not know God or who go through life ignoring Him to come to Him in repentance. Of course, one should pray for one’s children to inherit the Kingdom of God on the Day of Judgment, that is, obtain a home in Jannah. Another reason to pray is to obtain assistance from God in doing good works.

New converts, godly children, and good works glorify God. So, does worship. In the Bible, worship is called fruit, too.

Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name. (Hebrews 13:15, NKJV)

As we go through life we are often tempted to do and say things that we should not do or say. One of the goals to be achieved in prayer is to obtain victory over temptation.

Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. (Matthew 26:41, NKJV)

The Koran says:

Recite that which hath been inspired in thee of the Scripture, and establish worship. Lo! worship preserveth from lewdness and iniquity, but verily remembrance of Allah is more important. And Allah knoweth what ye do. (Koran 29:45, Pickthall)

The Koran says the same thing that Jesus said but in different words.

St. Paul gives us another purpose for prayer in his First Epistle to Timothy.

Therefore I exhort first of all that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks be made for all men, for kings and all who are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence. (I Timothy 2:1,2, NKJV)

The lack of peace in a region of the world might caused by a lack of prayer by its inhabitants. The Koran says:

God will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. (Koran 13:11)

So, in order to obtain peace, we should pray for everyone. That is what St. Paul was saying.

Another reason to pray is to obtain mercy from God and help in time of need.

Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need. (Hebrews 4:16, NKJV)

St. James, Jesus’ stepbrother, said:

Yet you do not have because you do not ask. (James 4:2, NKJV)

People do not have what they need because they never ask God. God already knows what we need before we ask Him. Jesus said:

Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him. (Matthew 6:8, NKJV)

So, although God already knows what we need, He still requires us to ask Him to meet our needs. Prayer is really for our own spiritual benefit.

The Koran says:

So be patient over what they say and exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting; and during periods of the night [exalt Him] and at the ends of the day, that you may be satisfied. (Koran 20:130, Sahih International)

We all have spiritual needs. Prayer is a means of meeting those spiritual needs. Jesus said:

Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled. (Matthew 5:6, NKJV)

If you want to achieve a high level of sanctity, pray for righteousness. Pray that God will continually change you into that kind of person that He wants you to become. Finally, another reason for prayer is to remember God. King David said:

I remembered Thy name, O Lord, in the night, and kept Thy law. (Psalm 118:55, LXX; Psalm 119:55, Hebrew)

The Koran says:

Surely I am Allah, there is no god but I, therefore serve Me and keep up prayer for My remembrance. (Koran 20:14, Shakir)

Whenever we go through life ignoring our omnipresent Creator, that is not good. Praying at regular intervals helps us to remember God — the One for whom we were created.

To summarize, we were created for God to glorify Him and to be loved by Him. God does not need our prayers. He is All-Sufficient. He already knows what we need before we ask. If we do not have what we need, it is because we have not asked Him for it. He still requires us to ask. We need to pray so that we become the kind of people God wants us to be and manifest in our lives those qualities listed by St. Paul in Galatians 5:22,23. We need to pray for the conversion of those who do not walk with God in their daily lives. We need to pray so that we will live a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and reverence. We need to pray for the salvation of our children, relatives, and friends. We need to pray in order to obtain victory over temptations. We need to pray so that we remember God. We need to pray because the sacrifice of praise glorifies God. That is why we are here — to glorify Him.



The Fourteen Epistles of St. Paul and the Koran

December 3, 2017 3 comments

So do you believe in part of the Scripture and disbelieve in part? Then what is the recompense for those who do that among you except disgrace in worldly life; and on the Day of Resurrection they will be sent back to the severest of punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. (Koran 2:85, Sahih International)

I have watched Youtube videos where Muslim clerics speak disparagingly of St. Paul and they reject his fourteen epistles as rubbish. I have decided to do a blog post on the subject of St. Paul’s epistles and look at the historical evidence for their inclusion into the Christian canon of Holy Scripture.

First of all, let us look at this verse from the Koran.

And argue not with the People of the Scripture unless it be in (a way) that is better, save with such of them as do wrong; and say: We believe in that which hath been revealed unto us and revealed unto you; our God and your God is One, and unto Him we surrender. (Koran 29:46, Pickthall)

The Koran is here saying that the first generation Muslims and Muhammad believed in both the Koran (“that which hath been revealed unto us”) and the Bible (that which hath been “revealed unto you.”)

So, if Muhammad and his followers believed in the Bible, did they accept the fourteen epistles of St. Paul. Muhammad was born in 569 or 570. He died in 632. If Christians living before 569 accepted those fourteen epistles of St. Paul as Holy Scripture, then Muhammad did, too.

The fourteen epistles of St. Paul are: Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Hebrews.

St. Cyril of Jerusalem wrote some lectures that were to be used with catechumens. A catechumen is someone who is seeking to enter into full communion with the Church. St. Cyril (318-386 A.D.) lived in the fourth century.

Then of the New Testament there are the four Gospels only, for the rest have false titles and are mischievous. The Manichæans also wrote a Gospel according to Thomas, which being tinctured with the fragrance of the evangelic title corrupts the souls of the simple sort. Receive also the Acts of the Twelve Apostles; and in addition to these the seven Catholic Epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude; and as a seal upon them all, and the last work of the disciples, the fourteen Epistles of Paul. But let all the rest be put aside in a secondary rank. And whatever books are not read in Churches, these read not even by yourself, as you have heard me say. Thus much of these subjects. (Catechetical Lectures, Lecture IV, by St. Cyril of Jerusalem, 318-386, vol. 7, pp. 27,28, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

St. Cyril listed all of the New Testament books with the exception of the Book of Revelation. The Church in the East was slow to adopt Revelation into the canon. It was, however, being used as part of the canon before Muhammad was born. That would be the subject of another blog.

St. Athanasius the Great (298-373), was Archbishop of Alexandria. He also lived in the fourth century. He wrote:

Again it is not tedious to speak of the [books] of the New Testament. These are, the four Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Afterwards, the Acts of the Apostles and Epistles (called Catholic), seven, viz. of James, one; of Peter, two; of John, three; after these, one of Jude. In addition, there are fourteen Epistles of Paul, written in this order. The first, to the Romans; then two to the Corinthians; after these, to the Galatians; next, to the Ephesians; then to the Philippians; then to the Colossians; after these, two to the Thessalonians, and that to the Hebrews; and again, two to Timothy; one to Titus; and lastly, that to Philemon. And besides, the Revelation of John. (Letter XXXIX, by St. Athanasius the Great, 298-373, vol. 4, p. 552, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

In this letter written by him, he lists all of the books in the New Testament that Christians have today in their Bibles.

The next excerpt is from a letter written by St. Jerome (345-420). He lived in the fourth century in Italy. In this letter he lists the books of the New Testament.

The New Testament I will briefly deal with. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the Lord’s team of four, the true cherubim or store of knowledge. With them the whole body is full of eyes, they glitter as sparks (Ezekiel 1:7), they run and return like lightning, (Ezekiel 1:14) their feet are straight feet (Ezekiel 1:7), and lifted up, their backs also are winged, ready to fly in all directions. They hold together each by each and are interwoven one with another (Ezekiel 1:11): like wheels within wheels they roll along (Ezekiel 1:16) and go wherever the breath of the Holy Spirit wafts them. (Ezekiel 1:20) The apostle Paul writes to seven churches (for the eighth epistle — that to the Hebrews — is not generally counted in with the others). He instructs Timothy and Titus; he intercedes with Philemon for his runaway slave. Of him I think it better to say nothing than to write inadequately. The Acts of the Apostles seem to relate a mere unvarnished narrative descriptive of the infancy of the newly born church; but when once we realize that their author is Luke the physician whose praise is in the gospel, we shall see that all his words are medicine for the sick soul. The apostles James, Peter, John, and Jude, have published seven epistles at once spiritual and to the point, short and long, short that is in words but lengthy in substance so that there are few indeed who do not find themselves in the dark when they read them. The apocalypse of John has as many mysteries as words. In saying this I have said less than the book deserves. All praise of it is inadequate; manifold meanings lie hidden in its every word. (Letter LIII, by St. Jerome, 345-420, vol. 6, pp. 101-102, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

The seven churches to which St. Paul wrote are: Rome, Corinth, Galatia, Ephesus, Philippi, Colossae, and Thessalonica. He wrote one epistle to his own people, the Hebrews. He left his name off because of the Judaizers. The Jews did not like what St. Paul said about certain commandments in the Law no longer being in effect. If he had put his name on it, fewer people would have read it. This epistle was originally written in Hebrew and later translated into Greek. There is ancient testimony that this is true. (A subject for another blog.)

At the Council of Carthage that met in 419 A.D., there is this canon.

Item, that besides the Canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine Scripture.

But the Canonical Scriptures are as follows:

Joshua the Son of Nun.
The Judges.
The Kings, iv. books.
The Chronicles, ij. books.
The Psalter.
The Five books of Solomon.
The Twelve Books of the Prophets.
Ezra, ij. books.
Macchabees, ij. books.

The New Testament.
The Gospels, iv. books.
The Acts of the Apostles, j. book.
The Epistles of Paul, xiv.
The Epistles of Peter, the Apostle, ij.
The Epistles of John the Apostle, iij.
The Epistles of James the Apostle, j.
The Epistle of Jude the Apostle, j.
The Revelation of John, j. book.

Let this be sent to our brother and fellow bishop, Boniface, and to the other bishops of those parts, that they may confirm this canon, for these are the things which we have received from our fathers to be read in church. (Canon XXIV, Council of Carthage, 419 A.D., vol. 14, pp. 453-454, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

All of the books of the New Testament were mentioned in this conciliar canon.

Now, I want to go further back in time to the second century. I want to demonstrate that a particular passage of New Testament Scripture was being used by Christians back then. First, let us look at this passage from Tertullian’s writings. Tertullian was born in 145 and died in 220.

On this principle, too, the sufferings of Christ will be found not to warrant faith in Him. For He suffered nothing who did not truly suffer; and a phantom could not truly suffer. God’s entire work, therefore, is subverted. Christ’s death, wherein lies the whole weight and fruit of the Christian name, is denied although the apostle asserts it so expressly as undoubtedly real, making it the very foundation of the gospel, of our salvation and of his own preaching. “I have delivered unto you before all things,” says he, “how that Christ died for our sins, and that he was buried, and that He rose again the third day.” (I Corinthians 15:3,4) Besides, if His flesh is denied, how is His death to be asserted; for death is the proper suffering of the flesh, which returns through death back to the earth out of which it was taken, according to the law of its Maker? Now, if His death be denied, because of the denial of His flesh, there will be no certainty of His resurrection. For He rose not, for the very same reason that He died not, even because He possessed not the reality of the flesh, to which as death accrues, so does resurrection likewise. Similarly, if Christ’s resurrection be nullified, ours also is destroyed. If Christ’s resurrection be not realized, neither shall that be for which Christ came. For just as they, who said that there is no resurrection of the dead, are refuted by the apostle from the resurrection of Christ, so, if the resurrection of Christ falls to the ground, the resurrection of the dead is also swept away. And so our faith is vain, and vain also is the preaching of the apostles. (Five Books Against Marcion, Book III, chapter 8, by Tertullian, 145-220, vol. 3, p. 328, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

Notice that Tertullian quoted from St. Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians. He quoted I Corinthians 15:3,4. That says that Jesus died, was buried, and rose again the third day.

Let us look at the writings of a Sub-apostolic Church Father — St. Irenaeus of Lyons (120-202). The Sub-apostolic Church Fathers were people who knew someone who had personally known one of the Twelve Apostles or St. Paul.

He was likewise preached by Paul: “For I delivered,” he says, “unto you first of all, that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures; and that He was buried, and rose again the third day, according to the Scriptures.” (1 Corinthians 15:3,4) It is plain, then, that Paul knew no other Christ besides Him alone, who both suffered, and was buried, and rose gain, who was also born, and whom he speaks of as man. For after remarking, “But if Christ be preached, that He rose from the dead” (1 Corinthians 15:12), he continues, rendering the reason of His incarnation, “For since by man came death, by man [came] also the resurrection of the dead.” And everywhere, when [referring to] the passion of our Lord, and to His human nature, and His subjection to death, he employs the name of Christ, as in that passage: “Destroy not him with your meat for whom Christ died.” (Romans 14:15) And again: “But now, in Christ, you who sometimes were far off are made near by the blood of Christ.” (Ephesians 2:13) And again: “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs upon a tree.” (Galatians 3:13; Deuteronomy 21:23) And again: “And through your knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died” (1 Corinthians 8:11); indicating that the impassible Christ did not descend upon Jesus, but that He Himself, because He was Jesus Christ, suffered for us; He, who lay in the tomb, and rose again, who descended and ascended, — the Son of God having been made the Son of man, as the very name itself does declare. For in the name of Christ is implied, He that anoints, He that is anointed, and the unction itself with which He is anointed. And it is the Father who anoints, but the Son who is anointed by the Spirit, who is the unction, as the Word declares by Isaiah, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He has anointed me” (Isaiah 61:1), — pointing out both the anointing Father, the anointed Son, and the unction, which is the Spirit. (Against Heresies, Book III, chapter 18, by St. Irenaeus of Lyons, 120-202, vol. 1, p. 446, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Hendrickson Publisher, Inc., Peabody, Massachusetts)

St. Irenaeus of Lyons quoted from I Corinthians 15:3,4, too. He also quoted from a couple of other verses in this same epistle and he quoted from Romans, Ephesians, and Galatians.

Here is I Corinthians 15:3-8:

For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time. (I Corinthians 15:3-8, NKJV)

There are Islamic religious leaders who are rejecting “that which has been revealed” to Christians, namely, the fourteen epistles of St. Paul. They are teaching that Jesus did not die. They say that He ascended into Heaven and will come back one day and die and be resurrected. That is not what I Corinthians 15:3,4 says. I have provided excerpts from two second century documents that show that the second century Christians believed that passage of Scripture and it had not been “corrupted.”

In the Koran, it says:

O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime. Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray. Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way. (Koran 4:136,137, Pickthall)

The Scripture which God “hath revealed unto His messenger” is the Koran. The Scripture which God “hath revealed aforetime” is the Bible. The Koran says to believe in God, Muhammad, the Koran, and the Bible. Then, it says “Whoso disbelieveth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray.” If you do not believe in God, God’s angels, God’s Scriptures (the Koran and the Bible), God’s messengers (notice the plural), and the Last Day (that is, the resurrection from the dead and the Last Judgment), then you have “wandered far astray.” In verse 137 it is saying that if someone believes in God, His angels, His messengers, the Koran, the Bible, and the Last Day, and then disbelieves in them, and then believes in them again, and then disbelieves in God, His angels, His messengers, the Koran, the Bible, and the Last Day, and then increases in disbelief, God “will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way.”

So, now back to I Corinthians 15:3-8. If you do not believe that Jesus died for your sins, was buried, and arose from the dead on the third day and you increase in disbelief,  God will never pardon you and He will never guide you unto a way. This is what Koran 4:136,137 is teaching. Koran 29:46 says that Muhammad accepted the Scriptures used by Christians in the seventh century. Christians were using all of the books they now have in the New Testament as Holy Scripture before the birth of Muhammad. I Corinthians 15:3,4 has not been “corrupted.” Therefore, those verses must be believed by anyone who wants to obey the Koran.

Now, let us look at this passage from the 18th Surah.

Those whose effort goeth astray in the life of the world, and yet they reckon that they do good work. Those are they who disbelieve in the revelations of their Lord and in the meeting with Him. Therefor their works are vain, and on the Day of Resurrection We assign no weight to them. That is their reward: hell, because they disbelieved, and made a jest of Our revelations and Our messengers. Lo! those who believe and do good works, theirs are the Gardens of Paradise for welcome, Wherein they will abide, with no desire to be removed from thence. (Koran 18:105-109, Pickthall; 18:104-108 in other translations)

If someone is going astray because they do not believe the Bible (Koran 4:136), their works are vain and God will assign no weight to them. Their reward will be hell, because they did not believe God’s revelations (the Bible and the Koran) and made fun of God’s revelations (the Bible and the Koran) and God’s messengers (Notice the plural).

So, now, what about these verses from the Koran?

And because of their saying: We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, Allah’s messenger — they slew Him not nor crucified Him, but it appeared so unto them; and lo! those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture; they slew Him not for certain. (Koran 4:157, Pickthall)

(And remember) when Allah said: O Jesus! Lo! I am gathering Thee and causing Thee to ascend unto Me, and am cleansing Thee of those who disbelieve and am setting those who follow Thee above those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then unto Me ye will (all) return, and I shall judge between you as to that wherein ye used to differ. (Koran 3:55, Pickthall)

I spake unto them only that which Thou commandedst Me, (saying): Worship Allah, My Lord and your Lord. I was a witness of them while I dwelt among them, and when Thou tookest Me Thou wast the Watcher over them. Thou art Witness over all things. (Koran 5:117, Pickthall)

The Koran claims to confirm the Bible.

And unto thee have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher over it. (Koran 5:48, Pickthall)

It does not contradict it. Maybe those English translations of those passages from the Koran are mistranslations. Maybe the Islamic religious leaders are misinterpreting them. (See Matthew 17:9; 28:7. See also Matthew 27:27-38; Luke 23:46; John 10:17,18; 19:30,33.)

You do not have to take my word for it that Koran 3:55 and 5:117 have been mistranslated and misinterpreted. Just go to this page and see for yourself: Look at how the Arabic verb, tawaffā, is most frequently translated in the Koran. It is a form V verb that occurs 24 times. The active participle of this verb occurs only once in the Koran — in Koran 3:55. Look at the other 23 places in the Koran and see how this verb is most frequently translated.

The religion known as Islam today has morphed into a one prophet, Bibleless religion. This is totally unkoranic. Islamic religious leaders quote the Koran. They hardly ever quote one of the Old Testament prophets. They hardly ever quote from the New Testament. The Koran is two-thirds the size of the New Testament. The Old Testament is much larger than the Koran. The Koran teaches that rejecting God’s revelations is a serious sin. (Koran 7:36; 18:104-108)

The fourteen epistles of St. Paul are part of God’s Scriptures. They were accepted as Holy Scripture before the birth of Muhammad. Muhammad accepted the Scriptures Christians used in the seventh century. (Koran 29:46) Those who reject St. Paul’s fourteen epistles are disobeying the Koran and are not on the straight path for which they pray in the Fatihah. I have already said enough about the fate of those who disbelieve.

Say: The Truth hath come, and falsehood showeth not its face and will not return. (Quran 34:49, Pickthall)




Corruption in the Earth

November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Shall We treat those who believe and do good works as those who spread corruption in the earth; or shall We treat the pious as the wicked? (Koran 38:28, Pickthall)

In the Koran, there is an expression that occurs frequently: “corruption in the earth.” In this blog post, I intend to go through the Koran and explore the meaning of this expression. There are many different acts that can be classified as corruption in the earth.

First of all, let us look at Koran 5:32. In it, we can see that there are certain acts mentioned in the Torah which are classified as “corruption in the earth.”

For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allah’s Sovereignty), but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth. (Koran 5:32, Pickthall)

This verse says that God decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter (i.e., murder) or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind. Murder was punishable by death in the Torah. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that all other sins and crimes that are punishable by death in the Torah are “corruption in the earth.” Many of these sins are also mentioned in the New Testament and in the Koran. The death penalty for all of these sins and crimes has been abrogated in the New Testament and in the Koran. The Koran confirms the Old and New Testaments. (Koran 5:48)

I have already listed these sins in a previous blog post, “The Death Penalty in the Torah and Koran 5:32.” Here, I will mention them again along with verses from the New Testament and Koran. I will mention them again here and elaborate on some of them.

All forms of idolatry are corruption in the land. (Exodus 22:20; Deuteronomy 17:2-7) Idolatry includes offering sacrifices to pagan gods. Human sacrifice to a pagan god, which is also murder, is idolatry. (Leviticus 20:2-5) Since the death and resurrection of Jesus, God has abolished all animal sacrifices. (Psalm 39:6-8, LXX; Daniel 9:26,27; Hebrews 10:5-13) Idolatry includes covetousness and greed. (Colossians 3:5) Jesus said:

You cannot serve God and mammon. (Matthew 6:24, NKJV)

Mammon is money. Those who serve money, that is, live passionately to acquire more and more of it, cannot serve God. It is possible for one’s desires to become a god to someone, too. In the Koran, it says:

Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him? (Koran 25:43, Sahih International)

These desires could not only be desires for material things, but also sexual desires. Lust can become a god to someone.

For when they speak great swelling words of emptiness, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through lewdness, the ones who have actually escaped from those who live in error. While they promise them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by whom a person is overcome, by him also he is brought into bondage. (II Peter 2:18,19, NKJV)

Jesus said:

Most assuredly, I say unto you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. (John 8:34, NKJV)

Think about porn addiction. People who are addicted to porn are addicted to lust. Eating food offered to idols can be idolatry. (I Corinthians 10:19-21; Koran 5:3; 6:121)

Idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God. (I Corinthians 6:9,10)

Spreading idolatry is also corruption in the earth. (Deuteronomy 13:1-10) Promoting greed and lust would be spreading corruption in the earth, since greed and lust can become gods to someone.

Blasphemy is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 24:11-16) Many people use profanity and blasphemy without giving much thought to what they are saying. I am thinking here about the typical “cuss word” expressions that punctuate many people’s conversations.

Various sexual sins are corruption in the earth. These include fornication (Leviticus 21:9; Deuteronomy 22:13-24), adultery (Leviticus 18:20,29; 20:10; Deuteronomy 22:22), rape (Deuteronomy 22:25-27), incest (Leviticus 18:6-18,29; 20:11-12,14,17,20,21), sodomy (Leviticus 18:22,29; 20:13), and bestiality (Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 18:23,29; 20:15,16). Having sex with a woman who is having her menstrual period is also corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 18:19,29; 20:18) In the Koran, it says:

And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they have cleansed themselves, go in to them as Allah has commanded you; surely Allah loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves. (Koran 2:222, Shakir)

Think about the society that we live in today and how it has become so accepting of immorality. I have watched some TV shows on Netflix. I have noticed how the film industry has made fornication appear so acceptable. Supergirl fornicates with Mon-El. Mon-El fornicates with Eve. The Flash fornicates with Linda, Patty, and Iris. I saw one episode of Deep Space Nine and Captain Cisco was fornicating with the lady captain of a cargo ship.

This practice of fornication has become so acceptable that many men and women today live with each other outside of wedlock. They even attend church together!

Foretune-telling and sorcery are corruption in the earth. (Exodus 22:18; Leviticus 20:27) Sorcery is listed by St. Paul as one of the works of the flesh. (Galatians 5:19-21) St. Paul said that people who practice any of the works of the flesh will not inherit the kingdom of God.

The Koran says:

O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan’s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed. (Koran 5:90, Pickthall)

The occult flourishes so much in Western society. People play with ouija boards and check their horoscopes. Some people are more heavily involved in the occult.

Giving up one’s children to serve a political leader is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 18:21,29) Kidnapping and abduction are corruption in the earth. (Exodus 21:16, Hebrew; 21:17, LXX)

In some ways, public education tends to indoctrinate children into accepting the politically correct ideology propagated by the mass media. The mass media often teaches that what has been deemed historically morally right is now morally wrong and what is morally wrong is now morally right. In a way, through public education parents have surrendered their children to the state. Of course, most people cannot afford to send their children to a parochial school. So, this is a reality that many must continue to live with.

Striking one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Exodus 21:15) Reviling one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Leviticus 20:9) Refusing to obey one’s father or mother is corruption in the earth. (Deuteronomy 21:18-21)

Honor thy father and thy mother. (Exodus 20:12, KJV)

Disobedience to a priest or political leader is corruption in the land. (Deuteronomy 17:12)

The Koran says:

The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers — We make no distinction between any of His messengers – and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying. (Koran 2:285, Pickthall)

The first generation Muslims and Muhammad obeyed the commandments given by the messengers in the Bible. Disobeying the non-abrogated commandments in the Bible is working corruption in the earth. Jesus is the High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. (Read Hebrews 7.) Anyone who disobeys Jesus’ commandments or encourages others to disobey His commandments is working corruption in the earth.

Working on the Sabbath, that is, Saturday was classified among the sins which merit the death penalty in the Torah (Exodus 31:15; 35:2; Numbers 15:32-36), but now is not even classified as a sin because the whole law regarding observing the Sabbath has been abrogated. Sunday is the day of rest now. (Colossians 2:16,17; II Thessalonians 2:15; Acts 20:7; I Corinthians 16:2; Revelation 1:10)

The Koran mentions other sins which it classifies as “corruption in the earth.”

Destroying crops and animals is corruption in the land.

And when he goes away, he strives throughout the land to cause corruption therein and destroy crops and animals. And Allah does not like corruption. (Koran 2:205, Sahih International)

People in a seventh century agrarian society depended on local agricultural produce more than people do today. Many agricultural products in the United States and Canada are imported from other countries. So, because of this dependence on local agricultural produce, the destruction of crops and cattle would severely harm the people in a seventh century city or town. The moral corollary is: any activity, therefore, that deprives someone of his livelihood or sustenance is corruption in the land.

In the Bible, it says:

He that taketh away his neighbour’s living slayeth him; and he that defraudeth the labourer of his hire is a bloodshedder. (Sirach 34:22, KJV)

People need food in order to survive and a means of obtaining it through good, lawful work. So, anyone who deprives another person of such necessities of life is working corruption in the land.

Starting wars is working corruption in the land.

Every time they kindled the fire of war [against you], Allah extinguished it. And they strive throughout the land [causing] corruption, and Allah does not like corrupters. (Koran 5:64, Sahih International)

Jesus said that the peacemakers are blessed and will be called the sons of God. (Matthew 5:9)

I look at the news and I see how war has caused so much suffering in the world. People who start wars are spreading corruption in the earth. Wars cause famine and sickness. Look at Yemen. Look at how much harm has been done to the Syrian and Iraqi people because of war.

Not helping fellow believers causes the spread of corruption in the land.

Lo! those who believed and left their homes and strove with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them: these are protecting friends one of another. And those who believed but did not leave their homes, ye have no duty to protect them till they leave their homes; but if they seek help from you in the matter of religion then it is your duty to help (them) except against a folk between whom and you there is a treaty. Allah is Seer of what ye do. And those who disbelieve are protectors one of another. If ye do not so, there will be confusion in the land, and great corruption. (Koran 8:72,73, Pickthall)

Doing evil causes corruption in the earth.

And do not cheat the people of their goods. Do not act wickedly on the earth, causing corruption. (Koran 26:183, Qarai)

People who commit genocide are working corruption in the earth. That is what Pharaoh was doing to the Hebrews.

We narrate unto thee (somewhat) of the story of Moses and Pharaoh with truth, for folk who believe. Lo! Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its people castes. A tribe among them he oppressed, killing their sons and sparing their women. Lo! he was of those who work corruption. (Koran 28:3,4, Pickthall)

Transgressions increase corruption in the earth.

Remember God’s bounties, and do not act wickedly, spreading corruption. (Koran 7:74, eclectic translation)

Who transgressed in the lands, and increased corruption therein. (Koran 89:11,12, eclectic translation)

(I looked at the literal Arabic on and various translations on  and then pieced together some “eclectic translations” of the verses cited above.)

We often think of sins, such as drunkenness and debauchery, when we think of transgression, but there are doctrinal transgressions as well. Spreading various heresies, such as Tritheism, Adoptionism, Sabellianism, and Arianism, is transgressing.

Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this doctrine, do not receive him into your house nor greet him; for he who greets him shares in his evil deeds. (II John 9-11, NKJV)

People who break a treaty are working corruption in the earth.

And He misleads not except the defiantly disobedient, who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and cause corruption on earth. It is those who are the losers. (Koran 2:26,27, Sahih International)

Abusing God’s gifts is spreading corruption in the earth.

And [recall] when Moses prayed for water for his people, so We said, “Strike with your staff the stone.” And there gushed forth from it twelve springs, and every people knew its watering place. “Eat and drink from the provision of Allah, and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.” (Koran 2:60, Sahih International)

So fear Allah and obey me. And do not obey the order of the transgressors, who cause corruption in the land and do not amend.” They said, “You are only of those affected by magic. You are but a man like ourselves, so bring a sign, if you should be of the truthful.” He said, “This is a she-camel. For her is a [time of] drink, and for you is a [time of] drink, [each] on a known day. And do not touch her with harm, lest you be seized by the punishment of a terrible day.” But they hamstrung her and so became regretful. And the punishment seized them. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers. (Koran 26:150-158, Sahih International)

God’s gifts are our natural resources. If we abuse them, ecological and environmental damage will be done to our planet. If we destroy our planet, we destroy people’s livelihoods.

The heaven of heavens belong to the Lord: but He has given the earth to the sons of men. (Psalm 113:24, LXX; Psalm 115:16, Hebrew)

Those who reject the truth regarding Jesus’ created humanity are corrupters.

Lo! the likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he is. (This is) the truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not thou of those who waver. And whoso disputeth with thee concerning Him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie. Lo! This verily is the true narrative. There is no God save Allah, and lo! Allah is the Mighty, the Wise. And if they turn away, then lo! Allah is Aware of (who are) the corrupters. (Koran 3:59-63, Pickthall)

Monophysites are corrupters. They affirm that Jesus has a divine nature and deny that He has a human nature. Dyophysites are not. On the opposite end of the heretical spectrum from the Monophysites are the Ebionites. The Ebionites deny that Jesus has a divine nature. Jesus’ humanity is created. His divinity is uncreated. The two natures are joined together without separation, division, mixture, or change. They are joined together by diffusion, not confusion.

St. John the Theologian, a very close friend and disciple of Jesus, wrote:

For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. (II John 7, NKJV)

Turning people away from God’s path is working corruption.

Lurk not on every road to threaten (wayfarers), and to turn away from Allah’s path him who believeth in Him, and to seek to make it crooked. And remember, when ye were but few, how He did multiply you. And see the nature of the consequence for the corrupters! (Koran 7:86, Pickthall)

For those who disbelieve and debar (men) from the way of Allah, We add doom to doom because they wrought corruption. (Koran 16:88, Pickthall)

St. Paul said in his Second Epistle to Timothy:

Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith; but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was. (II Timothy 3:8,9, NKJV)

But evil men and impostors will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived. (II Timothy 3:13, NKJV)

The Church is the pillar and ground of the truth. (I Timothy 3:15) Jesus promised that the Gates of Hell will not prevail against it. (Matthew 16:18) The Koran says that God is setting those who follow Jesus above those who disbelieve in Jesus until the Day of Resurrection. (Koran 3:55) We need to look at the Church Fathers and other sources of Holy Tradition and apply the principles of universality, antiquity, and consent in order to make sure that we have the truth. God has guided the Ecumenical Church Councils into truth, just as He guided the Council of Jerusalem in the first century. (See Acts 15:22-29.) So, the doctrinal decisions of an Ecumenical Church Council are infallible.

Breaking kinship ties is working corruption in the earth.

Would ye then, if ye were given the command, work corruption in the land and sever your ties of kinship? (Koran 47:22, Pickthall)

We are supposed to love God more than our own families. (Matthew 10:37,38) We still need to maintain our kinship ties. Believing men and women are supposed to give aid to their widowed relatives. (I Timothy 5:16) We should help our other relatives who need help, too.

This is a list of sins mentioned in the Bible and the Koran which are classified as “corruption in the earth.” God does not want us to work corruption in the earth. When people commit sins like these and even promote them, they are destroying the moral foundation of society.

There has been much corruption wrought in the world. All of this corruption that has been wrought in the world needs to be stopped. The Sword of the Spirit (that is, God’s Word) is our offensive weapon. (Ephesians 6:17) The Gospel of Peace is what we need to spread. (Ephesians 6:15) Our defensive weapons are faith, love, and the hope of salvation. (I Thessalonians 5:8)

Let us not be corrupters. Let us be people who want to reverse the spread of corruption in the earth. Reading the Bible is a good place to start. Reading the Koran which confirms the teachings found in the Bible is also a good thing to do. Applying the teachings to our daily lives and striving to serve God instead of our own carnal desires should be our daily objective.


The Death Penalty in the Koran

November 27, 2017 Leave a comment

Now, I want to talk about the death penalty in the Koran. There is really only one crime for which the death penalty is permitted in the Koran and if one were study the other teachings of the Koran, one would see that the Koran does not recommend the death penalty.

First of all, I want to reiterate that the death penalty shortens a person’s life and provides him with less time to repent and reform himself. Everyone must die. The Bible teaches this. (Ecclesiastes 3:2,20; 8:8; II Samuel 14:14; Romans 5:12; Hebrews 9:27) The Koran also teaches this.

Wheresoever ye may be, death will overtake you, even though ye were in lofty towers. (Koran 4:78, Pickthall)

Every soul must taste of death, and We try you with evil and with good, for ordeal. And unto Us ye will be returned. (Koran 21:35, Pickthall)

So, death is an unavoidable fact of our existence and we usually do not think that we are the next ones to meet death. It may come unexpectedly or we might anticipate it knowing when it will occur.

Another thing I want to clarify before talking about the death penalty is that some passages in the Koran that are often cited as implementations of the death penalty are not the death penalty at all. They must be understood in the context of military battles. Military battles produce death, but people do not die in them because they have committed some crime. Here are the war passages of what I am speaking:

And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers. The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil). (Koran 2:193,194, Pickthall)

The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled out of the land. Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom. (Koran 5:33, Pickthall)

Now when ye meet in battle those who disbelieve, then it is smiting of the necks until, when ye have routed them, then making fast of bonds; and afterward either grace or ransom till the war lay down its burdens. That (is the ordinance). And if Allah willed He could have punished them (without you) but (thus it is ordained) that He may try some of you by means of others. And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain. (Koran 47:4, Pickthall)

The passage in Koran 2:193,194 is talking about a war fought in self-defense. The Muslims were fighting against those who were fighting against them. (Koran 2:190) In Koran 5:33, it tells about the consequences those who fight against God and Muhammad will experience. It is talking about a military war fought against the Muslims in order to stop them from worshiping one God. Those who want to force polytheism on people by means of war are striving after corruption in the land. Idolatry and the spreading of idolatry were punishable by death in the Torah. (Exodus 22:20; 13:1-10; 17:2-7) They were classified by the Koran, therefore, as “corruption in the earth.” (Koran 5:32) The New Testament abrogated the death penalty for these sins. (I Corinthians 5:9-11; I John 2:19) The Koran also teaches that those who start wars are trying to make corruption in the land.

The Jews say: Allah’s hand is fettered. Their hands are fettered and they are accursed for saying so. Nay, but both His hands are spread out wide in bounty. He bestoweth as He will. That which hath been revealed unto thee from thy Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them, and We have cast among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection. As often as they light a fire for war, Allah extinguisheth it. Their effort is for corruption in the land, and Allah loveth not corrupters. (Koran 5:64, Pickthall)

So, another way that the enemies of God were striving after corruption in the land was by “lighting a fire of war.” The consequences that those people will experience are that they will be killed, that is, in battle or crucified. Crucifixion was a pagan practice. The Roman pagans practiced it. They crucified Jesus and two thieves. (Matthew 27:27-38; Luke 23:33) The Egyptian pagans also practiced it. (Koran 7:123,124; 12:41; 20:71; 26:49) It seems more likely that those who would be crucified would be crucified by their own pagan people for failure to achieve victory in a military campaign against the Muslims. Their hands and feet would be cut off on opposite sides is either a punishment that the pagans would inflict on their own people for failing to defeat the Muslims in battle or they would lose their hands in feet in battle because people fought with swords in ancient times. Being expelled out of the land would occur because the Muslims would drive them out of the land during the battle.

Koran 47:4 is not talking about a penalty for committing a crime. It is talking about a military battle. Muhammad told the Muslims to smite the necks of the polytheists with a sword. He could have been using hyperbole, but even if it is literal, he is talking about fighting in a military battle. Beheading as a form of criminal punishment does not occur anywhere in the Koran.

I have already shown in my previous blog post, “The Death Penalty in the Torah and Koran 5:32” that the Torah’s death penalty for the commission of certain sins has been abrogated by New Testament teaching. Muhammad accepted the Scriptures of Orthodox Christians. (Koran 29:46) Therefore, he also accepted the abrogations of the Torah’s death penalty for commission of those sins classified by Koran 5:32 as “corruption in the earth.” He also accepted what St. Paul said in Romans 12 about vengeance.

Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. (Romans 12:19, NKJV)

Now, I am going to explain the passages in the Koran which prescribe a penalty for murderers. First, let us look at this passage in Koran 2.

O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered — the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. And there is for you in legal retribution [saving of] life, O you [people] of understanding, that you may become righteous. (Koran 2:178,179, Sahih International)

One thing that this passaged  cannot possibly mean is that someone is allowed to murder another person’s relative if someone murdered his. It does not mean that one can murder a slave belonging to another person if someone murdered his slave. It does not mean that one can murder another person’s female relative (wife, mother, sister, daughter, etc.), if someone murdered his female relative. This would obviously be unjust. Everyone is responsible for his own actions.

Nor can a bearer of burdens bear another’s burdens if one heavily laden should call another to (bear) his load. Not the least portion of it can be carried (by the other). Even though he be nearly related. Thou canst but admonish such as fear their Lord unseen and establish regular Prayer. And whoever purifies himself does so for the benefit of his own soul; and the destination (of all) is to Allah. (Koran 35:18, Yusuf Ali)

Whoso doeth right, it is for his soul, and whoso doeth wrong, it is against it. And afterward unto your Lord ye will be brought back. (Koran 45:15, Pickthall)

Punishments must be just and equitable.

If ye punish, then punish with the like of that wherewith ye were afflicted. But if ye endure patiently, verily it is better for the patient. (Koran 16:126, Pickthall)

There is no justice in punishing another person for someone else’s crimes. The passage in Koran 2 is talking about blood money. The murderer should pay blood money to the heir or heirs of the murder victim. The amount varies according to whether the victim is a free man, a slave, or a female. The amount of the blood money is not specified. If the heir of the murder victim overlooks the offense, then the murderer still must pay the heir a suitable amount.

(I do not want to talk about slavery and women’s rights in this blog post. I have already done that in previous blogs.)

The next passage is in Koran 5.

Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light, by which the prophets who surrendered (unto Allah) judged the Jews, and the rabbis and the priests (judged) by such of Allah’s Scripture as they were bidden to observe, and thereunto were they witnesses. So fear not mankind, but fear Me. And barter not My revelations for a little gain. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are disbelievers. And We prescribed for them therein: The life for the life, and the eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds retaliation. But whoso forgoeth it (in the way of charity) it shall be expiation for him. Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are wrong-doers. (Koran 5:44,45, Pickthall)

The “eye for an eye” law was abrogated by Jesus.

“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.” (Matthew 5:38,39, NKJV)

The Koran tells us to obey Jesus. In the Koran, Jesus says:

And (I come) confirming that which was before Me of the Torah, and to make lawful some of that which was forbidden unto you. I come unto you with a sign from your Lord, so keep your duty to Allah and obey Me. (Koran 3:50, Pickthall)

The Koran says that the Gospel is a “guidance to mankind” (Koran 3:3,4) and in it are “light and guidance.” (Koran 5:46) Muhammad accepted the Scriptures of Orthodox Christians. (Koran 29:46) Therefore, he accepted the entire New Testament.

St. Paul said:

Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. (Romans 12:21, NKJV)

The Koran says:

Such as persevere in seeking their Lord’s Countenance and are regular in prayer and spend of that which We bestow upon them secretly and openly, and overcome evil with good. Theirs will be the sequel of the (heavenly) Home. (Koran 13:22, Pickthall)


The good deed and the evil deed are not alike. Repel the evil deed with one which is better, then lo! he, between whom and thee there was enmity (will become) as though he was a bosom friend. (Koran 41:34, Pickthall)

The words that are key in understanding what this passage in Koran 5 is saying are these:

But whoso forgoeth it (in the way of charity) it shall be expiation for him. (Koran 5:45, Pickthall)

The “eye for an eye” law permits one to seek justice, but the better choice is to forgive and overlook.

In Sirach, a book accepted as Holy Scripture by Orthodox Christians, and therefore, also accepted as Holy Scripture by Muhammad, it says:

He that revengeth shall find vengeance from the Lord, and He will surely keep his sins [in remembrance.] Forgive thy neighbour the hurt that he hath done unto thee, so shall thy sins also be forgiven when thou prayest. (Sirach 28:1,2, KJV)

(There was no Protestant Reformation in the 7th century. Therefore, Muhammad accepted the Book of Sirach as Holy Scripture.)

The next passage is from chapter 17 of the Koran.

And slay not the life which Allah hath forbidden save with right. Whoso is slain wrongfully, We have given power unto his heir, but let him not commit excess in slaying. Lo! he will be helped. (Koran 17:33, Pickthall)

This is the “eye for an eye” law in another place in the Koran. One who seeks to avenge the death of a loved one is forbidden to “commit excess in slaying.” The last part of Koran 16:126 needs to be looked at more closely.

But if ye endure patiently, verily it is better for the patient. (Koran 16:126, Pickthall)

The better choice is to endure patiently, not seek vengeance. The Koran says:

Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Free of need and Forbearing. (Koran 2:263, Sahih International)

It also says:

Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause: let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Koran 24:22, Yusuf Ali)

O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive — then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. (Koran 64:14, Sahih International)

The Koran, like the Bible, teaches that forgiveness from God is contingent upon us forgiving others.

The Koran says:

And We have not created the heavens and earth and that between them except in truth. And indeed, the Hour is coming; so forgive with gracious forgiveness. (Koran 15:85, Sahih International)

Tell those who believe to forgive those who hope not for the days of Allah; in order that He may requite folk what they used to earn. (Koran 45:14, Pickthall)

The Koran teaches that one of the good deeds that those who will inherit Paradise do is that of forgiving others.

And obey Allah and the messenger, that ye may find mercy. And vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off (evil); those who spend (of that which Allah hath given them) in ease and in adversity, those who control their wrath and are forgiving toward mankind; Allah loveth the good; and those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins — Who forgiveth sins save Allah only? – and will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did. The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever — a bountiful reward for workers! (Koran 3:132-136, Pickthall)

Now whatever ye have been given is but a passing comfort for the life of the world, and that which Allah hath is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their trust in their Lord, and those who shun the worst of sins and indecencies and, when they are wroth, forgive, and those who answer the call of their Lord and establish worship, and whose affairs are a matter of counsel, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them, and those who, when great wrong is done to them, defend themselves, the guerdon of an ill-deed is an ill the like thereof. But whosoever pardoneth and amendeth, his wage is the affair of Allah. Lo! He loveth not wrong-doers. (Koran 42:36-40, Pickthall)

The better choice is to forgive and not to seek vengeance. The Koran says:

Those who listen to the Word, then follow the best thereof, those are they whom Allah has guided, and those, they are the men of understanding. (Koran 39:18)


And follow the best of what was revealed to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly while you do not perceive. (Koran 39:55, Sahih International)

The Koran gives permissible options, but it tells us to make the best choice. It even tells us what is the best choice. Forgiving and overlooking is better than seeking vengeance. This does not mean that justice within society cannot be meted out to the murderer. The government authorities are responsible for administering justice in the case of murder. (Romans 13:1-4; Koran 2:247; 3:26; 4:59,83)

There is no death penalty for adultery or fornication in the Koran. The death penalty for these sins was abrogated by Jesus. (John 8:2-12) Those who are stoning to death people for having committed these sins are not following Jesus’ example and are, therefore, “walking in darkness.” (Read John 8:12.)

It is absurd to think that the Koran teaches that such people should be stoned to death. Look at this verse:

And whoso is not able to afford to marry free, believing women, let them marry from the believing maids whom your right hands possess. Allah knoweth best (concerning) your faith. Ye (proceed) one from another; so wed them by permission of their folk, and give unto them their portions in kindness, they being honest, not debauched nor of loose conduct. And if when they are honourably married they commit lewdness they shall incur the half of the punishment (prescribed) for free women (in that case). This is for him among you who feareth to commit sin. But to have patience would be better for you. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Koran 4:25, Pickthall)

If a man marries a believing slave girl and she commits lewdness, that is, adultery, she “shall incur the half of the punishment for free women.”

How do you stone someone half to death?

Then, there is this verse:

The adulterer shall not marry save an adulteress or an idolatress, and the adulteress none shall marry save an adulterer or an idolater. All that is forbidden unto believers. (Koran 24:3, Pickthall)

If the adulterer and the aduteress have been stoned to death, how can they marry each other?

The Old Testament death penalty for adultery and fornication has been abrogated by New Testament teaching. I have already talked about this in my previous blog, “The Death Penalty in the Torah and Koran 5:32.”

I have already said that the New Testament punishment within the Christian community is disfellowship. (I Corinthians 5:9-11) The Christian man is supposed to divorce his wife if she has committed adultery. (Proverbs 18:23, LXX; I Corinthians 6:15) The Koran also prescribes divorce in such cases.

O Prophet, when you [Muslims] divorce women, divorce them for [the commencement of] their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear Allah , your Lord. Do not turn them out of their [husbands’] houses, nor should they [themselves] leave [during that period] unless they are committing a clear immorality. And those are the limits [set by] Allah. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah has certainly wronged himself. You know not; perhaps Allah will bring about after that a [different] matter. (Koran 65:1, Sahih International)

Christian women should divorce their husbands if they have committed adultery. There is gender equality in the Church. (Galatians 3:28) The Koran, likewise, teaches gender equality.

And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. (Koran 2:228, Pickthall)

The Koran prescribes flogging before believers as the punishment for adultery and fornication. (Koran 24:2,5-9) I think that the purpose of the flogging is to shame the people who have committed these sexual sins, not to cause bodily harm. (Koran 16:126) The only way that one could have four witnesses is if four people were watching them have sex. People do not usually have sex in public. Koran 24:2 is really talking about committing adultery or fornication in public.

There is no death penalty in the Koran for apostasy. If there were, this would seem to be absurd in light of what this verse says:

Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way. (Koran 4:137, Pickthall)

Someone believes, then disbelieves. Then, after that person has been beheaded or stoned to death, he believes again. Then, he disbelieves, and then increases in disbelief. So, now he must be beheaded or stoned to death again. This is an absurdity.

In the Koran, the only punishment for apostasy is the punishment that the apostate gets from God on the Day of Judgment. I believe that this punishment is really self-inflicted. (Koran 41:46; 45:15)

There is no death penalty for blasphemy in the Koran. I have already demonstrated that the death penalty for blasphemy has been abrogated by New Testament teaching in the previous blog post.

The Koran says:

Allah would explain to you and guide you by the examples of those who were before you, and would turn to you in mercy. Allah is Knower, Wise. (Koran 4:26, Pickthall)

And verily We have sent down for you revelations that make plain, and the example of those who passed away before you. An admonition unto those who ward off (evil). (Koran 24:34, Pickthall)

St. Paul told us to follow his example. (I Corinthians 11:1; Philippians 3:17)

St. Paul delivered Hymenaeus and Alexander to Satan for blaspheming. I think that means that he excommunicated them.

Of whom are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I delivered to Satan that they may learn not to blaspheme. (I Timothy 1:20, NKJV)

That is the punishment for blasphemy, not the death penalty.

So, there is only one death penalty allowed in the Koran, that is, the death penalty for murder. The death penalty is supposed to be administered to the murderer by the murder victim’s heir. However, if one does avenge the death of his or her loved one by executing a murderer, he or she is not making the best choice. The other option is to forgive the murderer. That is the best choice. The Koran says to follow the best revelations in it. (Koran 39:18,55) If someone forgives the murderer, the murderer should voluntarily pay blood money to the heir or heirs. (Koran 2:178,256) The government authorities are responsible for administering justice. (Romans 13:1-4; Koran 2:247; 3:26) It is necessary for them to do that in order to preserve the social order.